Last Updated: May 31, 2021

Thrust Area
NAE Programme

On-Going Projects :

  • NAHEP CAAST on protected agriculture & Natural Farming funded by ICAR worth Rs. 2300.00 lakhs

  • Evaluation, refinement & dissemination of technologies of Subhash Palekar Natural Farming (SPNF) in HP” (Adhoc. Misc. 2225-56)

  • Economic upliftment of tribal farmers of HP through refinement and popularization of organic farming practices funded by TSP worth Rs 59.75 Lakhs

  • A project on Zero Budget Natural Farming (ZBNF) to CSK HPKV, Palampur funded by State Govt. Himachal Pradesh worth Rs 3 Crores

  • All India Coordinated research Network on Underutilized Crops (AICRN)


Projects completed :

Sr. No.

Project title

Funding Agency


(In Lakhs)




Niche Area of Excellence on  “Organic Farming in Hill Agriculture  w.e.f. April 2006 to March 2011




Niche Area of Excellence on “Production and protection technologies for potential vegetables and pulses under organic farming system”






Development of liquid biofertilizer based integrated management w.e.f. April 2011 to Sept. 2013




A Turn Key Organic Cluster project in 1200 ha in Himachal Pradeshw.e.f. October 2010 to March 2013




Standardization of  Processes and use of Organic Inputs in Organic Agriculture








Fortification and Demonstration of Enriched Compost for use in Organic Agriculture w.e.f. April 2009 to March 2012








 Developed & standardized the preparation and composition of organic inputs for:

a.      Nutrient management

·   Solid composts: Vermicompost, Him Compost & NADEP

·   Liquid manures: Matka khad, Vermiwash & Himsol

·   Biofertilizers: Rhizobium, Azotobactor (N-fixer), Aspergillus awamorii (Phosphate solubilizers) & other natural sources of nutrients (plant material)


b.      Insect-pest & disease management

i.     Botanicals:

o  Neem based products--- aphids, mites, leaf miner & sucking pests

o  Lantana extract-- Bean bugs, beetles, pod borers & pea leaf miner

o  Darek (Melia) extract-- blister beetle & bean bugs

o  Ghaniri (Polygonum) extract-- soybean & bean bugs

o  Eupatorium extract– Flea beetle & blister beetle

o  Dashparni- Gram pod borer, pea leaf miner & blight

o  Agneyastra- Leaf miner, aphids & mites

o  Ipomea extract- beetles & bean bugs


ii.   Cow product based bio-formulations:

o  Fermented Butter milk (FBM)-- Cercospora leaf spot, bugs, beetles

o  Beejamrit –seed borne disease

o  Jivamrit-soil borne diseases

o  Panchgavya– Early & late blight, Root rot wilt complex, beetles

o  Tamarlassi-- Cercospora leaf spot 

          iii. Biocontrol  Agents

o   Trichoderma harzianum/T. viride (10g/l)- For foliar & fruit diseases & soil borne pathogens

o   Bacillus thuringensis (BT) (10g/l)- For foliar, fruit diseases & soil borne pathogens

o   Verticillium sp. (10g/l)- Aphids & Thrips

o   Beauveria bassiana- Root grub and white flies

o   Ha-NPV @ 250 l/ha- Fruit borers in tomato


Identification and development of Organic Input responsive varieties-

  • Cereals : Paddy (RP-2421), Maize (Bajaura  Makka), Wheat (HPW-147, HPW-249 & HPW-155)

  •   Pulses : Mash (UG-218, Himmash-1 & Palampur 93), Lentil (Vipasha), Kulthi (VLG-1) Gram (Palam chana1 & Him chana 1)

  •   Oilseeds : Gobhi sarson(Sheetal) & Soybean (Himsoya & Palam soya)

  •   Vegetables : Pea (Punjab-89), Garlic (GHC-1), Onion (Patna Red), Tomato (Palam pink, Palam pride & Avatar hybrid)and Potato (Kufri jyoti)

  •    Others: Ladyfinger (Nazuk, S-51 & VRO-4)and Polebean (SVM-1)

  •   Out of the various germplasm lines of cereals and pulses tested under organic input conditions some promising lines have been selected which are in the advanced stage of testing.




  • Sharma Neha, Katna G., Saha Archana Joshi and Sharma Kamal Dev 2020. Macro-mutations induced by EMS, gamma-rays and their combined treatments in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). International Journal of Chemical Studies. 8(3): 1751-1754.

  • Gourav, Sankhyan N.K., Sharma R.P.  and Sharma G.D.  (2019). Long term effect of fertilizers and amendments on the properties of an acid Alfisol and uptake of primary nutrients and sulfur in maize-wheat rotation in North Western Himalayas. Journal of Plant Nutrition. 42 (15):1770-1788

  • Kumar Rameshwar, Punam, Upadhyay R.G. , Sharma G.D. and Ashlesha  (2019). Enrichment and Fortification of Farm Yard Manure. International Journal of Tropical Agriculture. 37(4): 467-477

  • Kumar Rameshwar, Chadha Sanjay, Upadhyaya R.G., Sharma G.D. and Kanwar Sangeeta (2020) Evaluation of different enriched composts under protected organic farming in Capsicum-Pea based cropping system. Legume Research (Accepted for Publication)

  • Sharma Neha, Katna G., Saha Archana Joshi and Sharma Kamal Dev (2019). Generation of variability in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) through mutagenesis. Indian Journal of Ecology 46(3):599-603.

  • Kumar S, Katna G., Sharma N (2019). Mutation Breeding in Chickpea. Advances in Plants and Agriculture Research, Volume 9 (2), 355-362.

  • Kumar Ashish, Saini J.P. Rameshwar & Chopra Pankaj (2018). The comparative cost and profit analysis of organic and non-organic farming practices in the Mid Himalayan Region. International Journal of Agriculture, Environment & Biotechnology. 11(4):633-639

  • Ahmad Nesar, Kumar Rameshwar, Saini J.P., Sharma R P,  Punam and Seth Meenakshi (2017) Performance of chickpea to organic and inorganic sources of nutrients under different soil moisture regimes in chickpea-okra cropping system. Himachal Journal of Agricultural Research . 43 (1) 23-28.

  • Kumar Rameshwar, Saini J.P., Sharma S.K. and  Seth  Meenakshi (2017) Influence of cereal–legume combination and sources of nutrients on productivity and profitability under organic production system. Indian Journal of Agronomy. 62 (3): 275-279.

  • Rameshwar, Saini J.P.,  Kaushal Shilpa and Upadhyay RG  (2017). Effect of liquid manures on the growth and yield of rice through SRI system under organic conditions. International Journal of Tropical Agriculture. 35(4): 981-988.

  • Seth Meenakshi, Rameshwar, Saini J.P, Sharma R.P and Sharma K.D (2016) Productivity and economics of wheat (Triticum aestivum) + chickpe(Cicerarietinum) intercropping under irrigation and nutrient management. Indian Journal of Agronomy. 61 (3): 286-291

  • Soni Ruchi, Kumar Rameshwar and Saini J.P (2016) Optimization of aeration and time period for the improvement of microbiological qualities in vermiwash. The Bioscan 11(3) : 1469-1472.

  • Chadha Sanjay, Singh, Akashdeep, Rameshwar, Saini, J.P,Punam, and Singh Yudhveer. 2016.  Impact of enriched composts and bio-inoculants on yield of garden pea (Pisumsativum L.) under organic farming conditions. Agriculture Research Journal. 53 (2):273-275.

  • Kaushal Shilpa, Rameshwar, Saini, J.P, Punam, and Sankhyan N.K. 2015. Performance of maize (Zea mays) based intercropping systems and their residual effect on wheat (Triticumaestivum)+lentil (Lens culinaris) intercropping system under organic conditions. Indian Journal of Agronomy. 60(2): 224-229.

  •  Bhardwaj Neelam& Sharma Parveen 2015. Correlation and path coefficient analysis among seed yield traits of Ricebeen[Vigna umbellate (Thumb) Ohwi and Ohashi] in North-Western Hills. (Accepted) Indian journal of Ecology

  •  Saini J.P, Rameshwar, Kumar Raj &Upadhyay R.G. 2015. Effect of seed treatment and different composts on the performance of Blackgram (VignamungoL.) under mid hill conditions of Himachal Pradesh. Environment Conservation Journal 16 (1&2) 9-12

  •  Sharma, Surender Kumar, Punam, Saini, J.P. and Rakesh. 2015. Evaluation of effectiveness of organic inputs for the management of LipaphiserysimiKalt. in mustard crop. Green Farming.6(3): 614-616

  •  Sharma, Surender Kumar, Punam, Saini, J.P. and Rakesh. 2015. Impact of organic formulations on Helicoverpaarmigera (Hubner) in organically grown chickpea. Green Farming.6(2): 381-383

  •  Kumari Richa, Punam, Panda AK and Atul (2015) Agnihotra effect on microbial contamination of air. The Bioscan 10(2):667-669

  • Rameshwar, Saini, J.P., Chadha, Sanjay and Kumar Raj (2015). Weed suppression in maize with legumes intercrops and sowing pattern under organic conditions in NW Himalayas . Green Farming  6(1) : 161-163

  •  Sharma S.K., Punam, Saini J.P. and Rakesh (2015) Impact  of organic formulations on Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner) in organically grown chickpea. Green Farming. Vol. 6 (2):1-4.

  • Rameshwar, Saini, J.P., Chadha, Sanjay, Punam and Upadhyay, R.G (2014). Standardization of spacing and weed management practices in SRI system of rice cultivation under organic conditions in relation to sustainable agriculture in the changing scenario of climate. Environment Conservation Journal 15(3) : 51-54

  •  Rameshwar, Saini, J.P., Bhardwaj, N., Chadha, S., Punam and Pathania, N. (2014). Comparative performance of different varieties of wheat (Triticum aestivumL.) and various composts on its productivity under organic conditions. J. Eco friendly Agriculture 9(1): 6-10

  •  Rameshwar, Saini, J.P., and Upadhyay, R.G (2014). Role of different composts and sowing dates on productivity of Gobhisarson (Brassica napus var oleracea) under organic conditions. Environment Conservation Journal 15(3) : 137-142

  •  Saini, J.P & Rameshwar (2014). Long term effect of organic sources of nutrients on productivity and soil health in maize + soybean – wheat + gram cropping system. Proceedings of the 4th ISOFAR Scientific conference, “Building Organic Bridges”, at the Organic World Congress. Istanbul, Turkey (eprint ID 23210)

  •  Chadha, S., Sood, Sonia., Rameshwar and Saini, J.P. (2014). Evaluation of different varieties of okra [Abelmoschus esculentus ( L.). Moench] under organic farming conditions in mid hills of Himachal Pradesh. Himachal Journal of Agricultural Research 40(1):22-25.

  •  Sharma S.K., Punam, Saini J.P. and Rakesh 2014: Management of pea leaf miner, Chromatomyia horticola (Goureau) by organic inputs in organically grown garden pea. Current Biotica. 8 (3): 288-293.

  •  Saini, J.P., Rameshwar, S. Chadha, and Pathania, N. (2013) Effect of different composts applied alone and in combination on the performance of maize+soybean intercropping system under organic conditions. Res. on Crops 14(1) : 76-82

  •  Saini J.P, Rameshwar, Punam, Chadha S, Sharma S, Bhardwaj N and Rana Nisha (2013). Non-chemical methods of weed management in maize under organic production system. Indian Journal of Weed Sciences 45 (3): 198-200.

  •  Chadha, S., Rameshwar, Saini, J.P. and Sharma, Surender (2013). Performance of different varieties of Pea (Pisum sativum L.) under organic farming conditions in mid Himalayas. International Journal of Agriculture and Food Science Technology 4(7):733-738.

  •  Sanjay Chadha, Rameshwar, Ashlesha, JP Saini and YS Paul (2012) Vedic Krishi: Sustainable livelihood option for small and marginal farmers.  International Journal of Traditional Knowledge 11(3): 480-486

  •  Punam, Rameshwar, Sheetal and Atul (2012). Effect of Integrated organic management on productivity and quality of lemon grass (Cymbopogon citratus). Journal of Organic systems, Vol.7 (2) 36-48

  •  Rameshwar, Yashulata Sharma, Punam, GD Sharma and Atul.    (2011). Intercropping studies on maize (Zea mays)     for grain and baby corn with wild marigold (Tagetes minuta) under organic conditions in mid hills of HP Himalayas. Himachal Journal of Agricultural Research 37(1): 91-94

  •  Chadha, Sanjay, Akhilesh Sharma and YS Paul (2010). Performance of pea genotype under organic faming ecosystem. Himachal Journal of Agricultural Research 36(2):241-241.

  •  Punam, Rameshwar, Sharma Neelam, Saini, JP and Atul (2009). Comparative efficacy of different composts in improving maize (Zea mays L.) productivity under organic farming in mid-hill areas of HP Himalayas. Journal of Hill Research 22 (2): 100-104.

  •  Punam, Rameshwar, Sharma Neelam, Saini, JP and Atul (2009). Comparative efficacy of different composts in improving maize (Zea mays L.) productivity under organic farming in mid-hill areas of Himachal Pradesh. Journal of Hill Research 22(2):100-104.

  •   Pushpinder Bedi, Dubey, Y.P. and Datt, Naveen, 2009 Microbial properties under rice-wheat cropping Sequence in an Acid Alfisol. Journal of Indian society of Soil Science 57:373-377.

  •  Dubey, Y.P. Datt, Naveen and Dev S.P. 2009 Agro—Waste recycling through Microbial degradation for sustained Crop Productivity. Fertilizer Research 5(3) 37-40

  • Meena Devi and Paul, YS. 2008. Influence of soil factors on the population dynamics of bioagent-Trichoderma harzianum. Indian Phytopath. 61 (1):87-89.

  • Paui, YS, Meena Devi and A. S. Kapoor. 2008. Integrated organic management of wilt-root rot complex of pea. J Mycol PI Pathol 38(3):571-576.

  • Dubey, Y.P. and Bindra, A.D. 2008. Rhizobium leguminosarum viceae against different nitrogen levels in Pea-Maize cropping sequence. Indian journal of Agricultural Sciences. 78(2):167-169.

  • Dubey, Y.P. and Datt, Naveen. 2008. Affectivity of Rhizobium leguminosarum viceae against different nitrogen levels in Pea-Maize cropping sequence. Indian journal of Agricultural Sciences. 78(1):75-77.

  • Sharma, Sandeep, Dubey, Y.P., Kasitha B.P. and Verma T.S. 2008 Rhizobium and phosphorus interaction on N-P uptake by French bean (Phaseolus vulgaris, L) in an acid Alfisol from northwest Himalayan Region. Journal of Indian society of Soil Science 56:118-122.

  • Dubey, Y.P., Rajinder Kumar, Sandeep Sharmaand M.K. Gupta2007. Enumeration of French bean rhizobia Rhizobium leguminosarum phaseoli in Soils of north western Himalayas. Legume Research. 30:6-8

  • Meena Devi and Paul, YS. 2006 . Evaluation of delivery systems of bioagents in the management of wilt/root rot complex of pea. Plant Disease Research 21:109-113.

  • Kapoor, AS, Paul, YS  and A. Singh. 2006. Integrated management of white rot and root rot-wilt diseases complex of pea. Indian Phytopathol.59:467-474


ii.                  Review papers:

  • Chadha Sanjay and Saini, J.P (2012). Management strategies for organic vegetables cultivation: Potential and problems. Himachal Journal of Agricultural Research, 38 (1):1-11

  • Bhardwaj Neelam2015.Breeding crops for organic agriculture. Rashtriyakrishi 10(1):18-21


[Designed & developed by: UNS, DEE, CSKHPKV, Palampur]
[Contents provided by Department of Organic Agriculture]