RESEARCH PROJECT: (COMPLETED)
ALL INDIA COORDINATED RESEARCH PROJECT ON HOME SCIENCE
Phase I (1996 to April 2002)
Phase II (2002 to 2007)
Phase III (2007 to till date)
Ongoing PG Researches
1. Assessment of Family Health Status of Tribal Population of H.P. Sanctioned by “ICSSR New Delhi” (Dr. Raj Pathania P.I.)
The study was conducted in two blocks viz. Kalpa and Nichar of district Kinnaur of Himachal Pradesh. Ten villages were selected randomly thus making a total of 20 villages from the selected district. From these blocks, 250 women in their reproductive years in the age group of 15-45 yrs and 250 children in the age group of 6 months - 6 yrs were selected thus making a total of 500 sample from the district. Door-to door survey method was applied in selected villages to derive the sample. Random sampling procedure was adopted to select both women and children. The major findings of the project are as under:
· The women were found to be suffering from fatigue because of excess of work. As she plays an important role in the family and community shouldering the responsibilities for the need and comfort of the male members of the family and the children along with working for long hours in the fields, collecting fodder, wood, water and taking care of domestic animals. Minor ailments like cold and cough, backache, headache were more prevalent as compared to other major diseases.
· On the other hand children’s health status was comparatively better than tribal women. Majorities were breast fed and given Colostrum and even weaning age was 6 months. The weaning foods prepared for the children were no doubt nutritious, however cleanliness and hygiene lacks in feeding, preparing and caring for these children. Regarding the nutrient intake of these children protein intake was high as compared to RDA with fat only 5-7 gm less than RDA. Not much difference was seen for other nutrients.
Common ailments seen among these children were cold and cough due to extreme cold weather conditions. Even eye problems, diarrhea and skin allergies were common among tribal children. These ailments too can be correlated with unhygienic livin