Courses
Home ] Last Updated : October 01, 2021

 

                                                                          

 

COURSE CATALOGUE

(As per ICAR Fifth Deans’ Committee)

 B.Sc. (Hons.) Agriculture

  

 

 

COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE

CSK HIMACHAL PRADESH KRISHI VISHVAVIDYALAYA

PALAMPUR-176062


 

Revised notification regarding regular courses being offered to B.Sc. (Hons.) Agriculture 3rd and 4th year classes

 

Notification regarding regular courses are being offered during 1st semester of Academic Year 2020-21 for B.sc(Hons.)Agriculture 4th year degree programme and B.Tech (Food Technology)

 Courses for B.Sc. (Hons.) Agriculture as per 5th Deans’ Committee Report w.e.f  2017-18

 1st Semester

S. No.

Name of Course

Course No.

Cr. Hr.

1.

Fundamentals of Horticulture

Hort. 111

2 (1+1)

2.

Fundamentals of Soil Science

Soils 111

3 (2+1)

3.

Introduction to Forestry

FTY 111

2 ( 1+1)

4.

Comprehension & Communication Skills in English

Eng. 111

2 (1+1)

5.

Fundamentals of Agronomy

Agron. 111

4 (3+1)

6.

Introductory Biology/Elementary Mathematics

Bio. 111/ Math 111

2 (1+1/2+0)*

7.

Agricultural Heritage

Agron. 112

1(1+0)*

8.

Rural Sociology & Educational Psychology

Ext. 111

2 (2+0)

9.

Human Values & Ethics

Soc. 111

1 (1+0)**

10.

Environmental Studies and Disaster Management

Env. 111

3 (2+1)

11.

Orientation

ORT 111

1(1+0)**

12.

NSS/NCC**

 

2(0+2)**

 

Total

 

18+03+03

*R: Remedial course    ** NC : Non-gradial courses

 

  2nd Semester

S. No.

Name of Course

Course No.

Cr. Hr.

1.

Fundamentals of Genetics

GP 121

3 (2+1)

2.

Agricultural Microbiology

Ag. Micro. 121

2(1+1)

3.

Soil and Water Conservation Engineering

Ag. Engg. 121

2 ( 1+1)

4.

Fundamentals of Agricultural Economics

Ag. Econ. 121

2(2+0)

5.

Fundamentals of Plant Pathology

Pl. Path. 121

3(2+1)

6.

Fundamentals of Entomology

Ento. 121

3(2+1)

7.

Fundamentals of Agricultural Extension Education

Ext. 122

3(2+1)

8.

Communication Skills and Personality Development

Ext. 123

2(1+1)

9.

Plant Biochemistry

PB 121

2(1+1)

10.

Production Technology for  Vegetables and  Spices

VSF 121

2(1+1)

11.

NSS/ NCC**

 

2(0+2) NC

 

Total

 

24+02(NC)

  3rd  Semester

S. No.

Name of Course

Course No.

Cr. Hr.

1.

Crop Production Technology-I (Kharif Crops)

Agron. 233

2 (1+1)

2.

Fundamentals of Plant Breeding

GP 232

3(2+1)

3.

Agricultural Finance and Cooperation

Ag. Econ. 232

3(2+1)

4.

Principles of Food Science and Nutrition

FST 231

2(1+1)

5.

Farm Machinery and Power

Ag. Engg. 232

2(1+1)

6.

Crop Physiology

Crop Physiol. 231

2(1+1)

7.

Fundamentals of Plant Biotechnology

Biotech. 231

2(1+1)

8.

Introductory Nematology

Ento. 232

2(1+1)

9.

Statistical Methods

Stat. 231

2(1+1)

10.

Livestock and Poultry Management

LPM 231

3(2+1)

11.

NSS/ NCC**

 

2(0+2) NC

 

Total

 

23+02(NC)

 4th   Semester

S. No.

Name of Course

Course No.

Cr. Hr.

1.

Crop Production Technology-II ( Rabi Crops)

Agron. 244

2(1+1)

2.

Production Technology for Ornamental Crops, MAP and Landscaping

VSF 242

2(1+1)

3.

Renewable Energy and Green Technology

Ag. Engg. 243

2(1+1)

4.

Problematic Soils and their Management

Soils 242

2(2+0)

5.

Production Technology for Fruit and Plantation Crops

Hort. 242

2(1+1)

6.

Principles of Seed Technology

GP 243/ SST 241

3(2+1)

7.

Farming System and Sustainable Agriculture

Agron. 245

1(1+0)

8.

Agricultural Marketing Trade and Prices

Ag. Econ. 243

3(2+1)

9.

Introductory Agro-meteorology & Climate Change

Agron. 246

2(1+1)

10.

Insect Ecology and integrated Pest Management

Ento. 243

2(1+1)

11.

Elective Courses

 

3 Credits

12.

NSS/ NCC**

 

2 (0+2) NC

 

Total

 

24+02 (NC)

 5th    Semester

S. No.

Name of Course

Course No.

Cr. Hr.

1.

Principles of Integrated Disease Management

Pl. Path 352

3(2+1)

2.

Manures, Fertilizers and Soil Fertility Management

Soils 353

3(2+1)

3.

Pests of Crops and Stored Grain and their Management

Ento. 354

3(2+1)

4.

Diseases of Field and Horticultural Crops and their Management-I

Pl. Path 353

3(2+1)

5.

Crop Improvement-I (Kharif Crops)

GP 355

2(1+1)

6.

Protected Cultivation and Secondary Agriculture

Ag. Engg. 354

2(1+1)

7.

Geoinformatics, Nano-technology and Precision Farming

Agron. 358

2(1+1)

8.

Practical Crop Production-I ( Kharif Crops)

Agron. 359

2(0+2)

9.

Intellectual Property Rights

GP 356

1(1+0)

10.

Elective Courses

 

3  Credits

11.

NSS/ NCC**

 

2(0+2) NC

 

Total

 

24+02(NC)

  6th    Semester

S. No.

Name of Course

Course No.

Cr. Hr.

1.

Rainfed Agriculture and Watershed Management

Agron. 3610

2(1+1)

2.

Entrepreneurship Development and Business Communication

Ext. 364

2(1+1)

3.

Diseases  of Field and Horticultural Crops and their Management-II

Pl. Path. 364

3(2+1)

4.

Post-harvest Management and Value Addition of Fruits and Vegetables

Hort. 364

2(1+1)

5.

Management of Beneficial Insects

Ento. 365

2(1+1)

6.

Crop Improvement-II   (Rabi Crops)

GP 367

2(1+1)

7.

Principles of Organic Farming

Agron.3611

2(1+1)

8.

Practical Crop Production-II( Rabi Crops)

Agron. 3612

2(0+2)

9.

Farm Management, Production & Resource Economics

Ag. Econ. 365

2(1+1)

10.

Agri-Informatics

Ag. Info. 361

2(1+1)

11.

Elective Courses

 

3 Credits

12.

NSS/ NCC**

 

2(0+2) NC

 

Total

 

24+02(NC)

 7th    Semester

Rural Agricultural Work Experience and Agro-Industrial Attachment (RAWE & AIA)

S. No.

Activities

 No. of weeks

Credit Hours

1.

General orientation & on campus training by different faculties

1

 

 

14

2.

Village attachment

8

 3.

Unit attachment in Univ./College/KVK/Research Station Attachment

5

4.

Plant clinic

2

02

 5.

Agro-Industrial Attachment

3

04

6.

Project Report Preparation, Presentation and Evaluation

1

 

 

Total weeks for RAWE & AIA

20

20

                                                                                                                                                                               

8th Semester

Modules for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship: A student has to register 20 credits opting for two modules of (0+10) credits each (Total 20 credits) from the package of modules in the VIII semester.

S. No.

Title of the module

Credits

1.

Protected Cultivation

0+10

2.

Commercial Vegetable  Production

0+10

3.

Mushroom Cultivation

0+10

4.

Tea Husbandry & Technology

0+10

5.

 Beekeeping

0+10

6.

Nursery Management

0+10

7

Seed Production and Technology

0+10

8.

Organic Agriculture

0+10

 Semester-wise distribution of courses

B.Sc (Hons.) Agriculture  for Students Admitted in  2016-17

I Semester (2016-17)

Sr. No.

Course Title

Course No.

Cr. Hours

1.       

Fundamentals of Horticulture

Hort.111

2 (1+1)

2.       

Fundamentals of Plant Biochemistry and Biotechnology

PBB 111

3(2+1)

3.       

Fundamentals of Soil Science

Soils 111

3(2+1)

4.       

Introduction to Forestry

FTY111

2 (1+1)

5.       

Comprehension & Communication Skills in English

Eng.111

2 (1+1)

6.       

Fundamentals of Agronomy

Agron.111

4(3+1)

7.       

Introductory Biology*/Elementary Mathematics*

Bio./Math 111

2 (1+1)/ 2(2+0)*

8.       

Agricultural Heritage*

Agron. 112

1(1+0)*

9.       

Rural Sociology & Educational Psychology

Ext. 111

2 (2+0)

10.   

Human Values & Ethics (non credit)

Soc. 111

1(1+0)**

11.   

NSS/ NCC**

 

2 (0+2)**

TOTAL

               *R: Remedial course; **NC: Non-Credit Courses

18+04*/03*+03**

II Semester(2016-17)

Sr. No.

Course Title

Course No.

Cr. Hours

1.       

Fundamentals of Genetics

GP. 121

3(2+1)

2.       

Agricultural Microbiology

Ag. Micro.121

2(1+1)

3.       

Soil and Water Conservation Engineering

Ag.Engg. 121        

2(1+1)

4.       

Fundamentals of Crop Physiology

Crop. Physiol. 121

2(1+1)

5.       

Fundamentals of Agricultural Economics

Ag. Econ. 121

2(2+0)

6.       

Fundamentals of Plant Pathology

Pl. Path. 121

4(3+1 )

7.       

Fundamentals of Entomology

Ento. 121

4(3+1)

8.       

Fundamentals of Agricultural Extension Education

Ext.122

3(2+1)

9.       

Communication Skills and Personality Development

Ext.123

2(1+1)

Total

24(16+8)

           

III Semester(2017-18)

Sr. No.

Course Title

Course No.

Cr. Hours

1.       

Crop Production Technology – I (Kharif Crops)

Agron. 233

2 (1+1)

2.       

Fundamentals of Plant Breeding

GP. 232

3 (2+1)

3.       

Agricultural Finance and Cooperation

Ag. Econ. 232

3 (2+1)

4.       

Principles of Food Science  and Nutrition

FST 231

2(1+1)

5.       

Farm Machinery and Power

Ag. Engg. 232

2 (1+1)

6.       

Production Technology for Vegetables and Spices

VSF. 231

2 (1+1)

7.       

Environmental Studies and Disaster Management

Env. 231

3(2+1)

8.       

Statistical Methods

Stat. 231

2(1+1)

9.       

Livestock and Poultry Management

LPM. 231

3 (2+1)

Total

22(13+9)

IV Semester(2017-18)

Sr. No.

Course Title

Course No.

Cr. Hours

1.       

Crop Production Technology –II (Rabi Crops)

Agron. 244

2(1+1)

2.       

Production Technology for Ornamental

Crops, MAP and Landscaping                                  

VSF.242

2(1+1)

3.       

Renewable Energy and Green Technology

Ag. Engg. 243

2(1+1)

4.       

Problematic Soils and their Management

Soils  242

2(2+0)

5.       

Production Technology for Fruit and Plantation Crops

Hort.242

2(1+1)

6.       

Principles of Seed Technology

GP. 243/SST 241

3(1+2)

7.       

Farming System and Sustainable Agriculture

Agron. 245

1(1+0)

8.       

Agricultural Marketing Trade and Prices

Ag. Econ. 243

3(2+1)

9.       

Introductory Agro-meteorology & Climate Change

Agron. 246

2(1+1)

10. 

Elective

 

3

Total

22

Total Uniformity from 2018-19

Elective Courses

S. No.

Courses Title

Course No.

Credit Hours

Semester IV

1.

Agribusiness Management

Ag. Econ. 244

3(2+1)

2.

Commercial Plant Breeding

GP 244

3(1+2)

3.

Hi-tech. Horticulture 1

Hort. 243

3(2+1)

4 .

Weed Management

Agron. 247

3(2+1)

Semester V

1.

Landscaping

VSF 353

3(2+1)

2.

Biopesticides & Biofertilizers2

Soils 354

3(2+1)

3.

Protected Cultivation 3         

VSF 354

3(2+1)

Semester VI

1 .

Micro propagation Technologies

Biotech. 362

3(1+2)

2 .

Agrochemicals 4

Agron. 3613

3(2+1)

3.

Food Safety and Standards

FST 362

3(2+1)

4.

Commercial Vegetable  Production

VSF 365

3(2+1)

1. Horticulture, Agri. Engg. & CGRT. 2.  Soils, Entomology & Plant Pathology. 3. VSF, Hort & Agri. Engg.

4. Agronomy, Entomology& Plant Pathology.

  

Total Degree Credit Hours from batch admitted during 2016-17

Semester 1

18+3+3NCC/NSS

Semester 2

24+2NCC/NSS

Semester 3

22+2NCC/NSS

Semester 4

22+2NCC/NSS

Semester 5

24+2NCC/NSS

Semester 6

24+2NCC/NSS

Semester 7

0+20 READY

Semester 8

0+20 READY

Total

 174+03*+03**=180

Educational Tour

0+2

Grand Total

182  

Total Degree Credit Hours (2017-18 onwards)

Semester 1

18+03*+03**

Semester 2

24+2NCC/NSS

Semester 3

23+2NCC/NSS

Semester 4

24+2NCC/NSS

Semester 5

24+2NCC/NSS

Semester 6

24+2NCC/NSS

Semester 7

0+20 READY

Semester 8

0+20 READY

Total

 177+03*+03**=183

 Educational Tour

0+2

Grand Total

185


 Department- wise Courses 

AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS

1.       

Ag. Econ.121

Fundamentals of Agricultural Economics

2(2+0)

2.       

Ag. Econ. 232

Agricultural Finance and Cooperation

3(2+1)

3.       

Ag. Econ. 243

Agricultural Marketing Trade and Prices

3(2+1)

4.       

Ag. Econ. 244               

 Agri-business Management (Elective)

 3(2+1)

5.       

Ag. Econ. 365

Farm Management, Production and Resource Economics

2(1+1)

Total (Excluding Elective)

10

 

AGRONOMY      

1.       

Agron. 111 Fundamentals of Agronomy 4(3+1)

2.       

Agron.112 Agricultural Heritage 1(1+0)*R

3.       

Agron.233 Crop Production Technology-I (Kharif Crops) 2(1+1)

4.       

Agron.244

 Crop Production Technology-II (Rabi Crops)

2(1+1)

5.       

Agron.245 Farming System and Sustainable Agriculture 1(1+0)

6.       

Agron.246 Introductory Agro-meteorology & Climate Change 2(1+1)

7.       

Agron.247 Weed Management (Elective) 3(2+1)

8.       

Agron.358/GIS 351 Geoinformatics, Nano-technology and Precision Farming 2(1+1)

9.       

Agron.359 Practical Crop Production - I (Kharif crops) 2(0+2)

 10.

Agron.3610 Rainfed Agriculture and Watershed Management 2(1+1)

11.

Agron.3611 Principles of Organic Farming 2(1+1)

12.

Agron.3612 Practical Crop Production -II (Rabi crops) 2(0+2)

13.

Agron.3613* Agrochemicals (Elective) 3(2+1)
Total( Excluding Elective)   21
Agricultural Engineering

1.       

Ag. Engg. 121 Soil and Water Conservation Engineering    2(1+1)

2.       

Ag. Engg. 232 Farm Machinery and Power 2(1+1)

3.       

Ag. Engg. 243 Renewable Energy and Green Technology  2(1+1)

4.       

Ag. Engg. 354 Protected Cultivation and Secondary Agriculture  2(1+1)
Total( Excluding Elective) 8
Entomology

1.       

Ento. 121 Fundamentals of Entomology 3(2+1)

2.       

Ento. 232 Introductory Nematology 2(1+1)

3.       

Ento. 243 Insect Ecology and Integrated Pest Management 2(1+1)

4.       

Ento. 354 Pests of Crops and Stored Grains and their Management 3(2+1)

5.       

Ento. 365 Management of Beneficial Insects 2(1+1)
Total (Excluding Elective)   12
Extension Education

1.       

Ext.111 Rural Sociology & Educational Psychology 2(2+0)

2.       

Ext. 122 Fundamentals  of Agricultural Extension Education 3( 2+1)

3.       

Ext. 123 Communication Skills and Personality Development 2(1+1)

4.       

Ext.364 Entrepreneurship Development and Business Communication 2(1+1)
Total( Excluding Elective)   9
Genetics and Plant Breeding

1.       

GP. 121 Fundamentals of Genetics  3(2+1)

2.       

GP. 232 Fundamentals of Plant Breeding 3(2+1)

3.       

GP. 243/SST 241 Principles of Seed Technology 3(2+1)

4.       

GP 244 Commercial Plant Breeding  (Elective) 3(1+2)

5.       

GP 355

Crop Improvement–I (Kharif)

2(1+1)

6.       

GP 356 Intellectual Property Rights 1(1+0)

7.       

GP 367 Crop Improvement –II (Rabi) 2(1+1)
Total( Excluding Elective)   14
Plant Pathology

1.       

Pl. Path. 121 Fundamentals of  Plant Pathology      3(2+1)

2.       

Pl. Path. 352 Principles of Integrated Disease Management 3(2+1)

3.       

Pl. Path. 353 Diseases of Field and  Horticultural Crops and their Management-I  3(2+1)

4.       

Pl. Path. 364 Diseases of Field and Horticultural Crops and their Management-II   3(2+1)
Total( Excluding Elective)   12

Sociology

1.    

Soc. 111 Human Values & Ethics (NC) 1(1+0)**NC
Soil Science

1.       

Soils 111 Fundamentals of Soil Science 3(2+1)

2.       

Soils  242 Problematic Soils and their Management 2(2+0)

3.       

Soils 353 Manures, Fertilizers and Soil Fertility Management 3 (2+1)

4.       

Soils 354 Biopesticides & Biofertilizers (Elective) 3(2+1)
Total( Excluding Elective)   8
Vegetable Science & Floriculture
1. VSF 121/231 Production Technology for Vegetables and Spices 2 (1+1)
2. VSF 242

Production Technology for Ornamental

Crops, MAP and Landscaping  

2(1+1)
3. VSF 353 Landscaping (Elective) 3(2+1)
4. VSF 354 Protected Cultivation (Elective) 3(2+1)
5. VSF 365 Commercial Vegetable  Production(Elective) 3(2+1)
Total( Excluding Elective)   4
Horticulture

1.       

Hort.111 Fundamentals of Horticulture 2 (1+1)

2.       

Hort.242 Production Technology for Fruit and Plantation Crops 2(1+1)

3.       

Hort. 243* Hi-tech. Horticulture (Elective) 3(2+1)

4.       

Hort. 364 Post-harvest Management and Value Addition of Fruits and Vegetables 2(1+1)
Total( Excluding Elective)   6
Bio Technology

1.       

Biotech. 231 Fundamental of Plant Biotechnology 2(1+1)

2.       

Biotech. 362 Micro Propagation Technologies (Elective) 3(1+2)
Total( Excluding Elective)   2
College of Basic Science

1.       

PB 121

Plant Biochemistry

2(1+1)

2.       

FTY 111

Introduction to Forestry

2(1+1)

3.       

Bio. 111* /

Math 111*

Introductory Biology/ Elementary Mathematics (NC)

2(1+1)/ 2(2+0)

4.       

Eng.111

Comprehension & Communication Skills in English

2(1+1)

5.       

Crop Physiol. 231

Fundamental of Crop Physiology

2 (1+1)

6.       

Ag. Micro.121

Agricultural Microbiology

2(1+1)

7.       

Env. 111

Environmental Studies and Disaster Management

3(2+1)

8.       

Stat. 231

Statistical Methods

2(1+1)

9.       

Ag. Info. 361

Agri. Informatics

2(1+1)

Total

 

17+2*R

College of Home Science
1.

FST 231

Principles of Food Science and Nutrition

2(1+1)

2.       

FST 362

Food Safety and Standards (Elective Course)

3(2+1)

Total( Excluding Elective)  

2

Animal Science
1.   LPM. 231 Livestock and Poultry Management 3 (2+1)
Total( Excluding Elective)  

3

 

Student Welfare Organization
1.  NSS/NCC/Physical Education NSS/NCC/Physical Education 2(0+2)NC
       

 Total Credit hrs = 128+9 (Elective) +3*R +3**NC   =143+40(ELU & RAWE)=183+2(Edu.Tour)

Grand Total=185
 

SYLLABUS/ COURSE NUMBERS & COURSE CONTENTS

AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS

Ag.Econ.121:  Fundamentals of Agricultural Economics                                                       Credit Hours: 2 (2+0)

Theory

Economics: Meaning, scope and subject matter, definitions, activities, approaches to economic analysis; micro and macro economics, positive and normative analysis. Nature of economic theory; rationality assumption, concept of equilibrium, economic laws as generalization of human behavior. Basic concepts: Goods and services, desire, want, demand, utility, cost and price, wealth, capital, income and welfare. Agricultural economics: meaning, definition, characteristics of agriculture, importance and its role in economic development. Demand: meaning, law of demand, demand schedule and demand curve, determinants, utility theory; law of diminishing marginal utility, equi-marginal utility principle. Consumer’s equilibrium and derivation of demand curve, concept of consumer surplus. Elasticity of demand: concept and measurement of price elasticity, income elasticity and cross elasticity. Production: process, creation of utility, factors of production, input output relationship. Laws of returns: Law of variable proportions and law of returns to scale. Cost: Cost concepts, short run and long run cost curves. Supply: Stock v/s supply, law of supply, supply schedule, supply curve, determinants of supply, elasticity of supply. Market structure: meaning and types of market, basic features of perfectly competitive and imperfect markets. Price determination under perfect competition; short run and long run equilibrium of firm and industry, shut down and break even points. Distribution theory: meaning, factor market and pricing of factors of production. Concepts of rent, wage, interest and profit. National income: Meaning and importance, circular flow, concepts of national income accounting and approaches to measurement, difficulties in measurement. Public finance: meaning, public revenue and public expenditure. Tax: meaning, direct and indirect taxes, agricultural taxation, VAT/ GST.

Ag.Econ. 232:Agricultural Finance and Cooperation                                                                        Credit Hours: 3(2+1)

Theory

Money: Barter system of exchange and its problems, evolution, meaning and functions of money, classification of money, money supply, general price index, inflation and deflation. Banking: Role in modern economy, types of banks, functions of commercial and central bank, credit creation policy. Agricultural Finance- meaning, scope and significance, credit needs and its role in Indian agriculture. Agricultural credit: meaning, definition, need, classification. Credit analysis: 3 R’s, and 4C’s of credits. Sources of agricultural finance: institutional and non-institutional sources, commercial banks, social control and nationalization of commercial banks, Micro financing including KCC. Lead bank scheme, RRBs, Scale of finance and unit cost. An introduction to higher financing institutions – RBI, NABARD, ADB, IMF, world bank, Insurance and Credit Guarantee Corporation of India. Cost of credit. Recent development in agricultural credit. Preparation and analysis of financial statements – Balance Sheet and Income Statement. Basic guidelines for preparation of project reports- Bank norms – SWOT analysis. 

Agricultural Cooperation – Meaning, brief history of cooperative development in India, objectives, principles of cooperation,  significance of cooperatives in Indian agriculture. Agricultural Cooperation in India- credit, marketing, consumer and multi-purpose cooperatives, farmers’ service cooperative societies, processing cooperatives, farming cooperatives, cooperative warehousing; role of ICA, NCUI, NCDC, NAFED.


Practical

Determination of most profitable level of capital use. Optimum allocation of limited amount of capital among different enterprise. Analysis of progress and performance of cooperatives using published data. Analysis of progress and performance of commercial banks and RRBs using published data. Visit to a commercial bank, cooperative bank and cooperative society to acquire firsthand knowledge of their management, schemes and procedures. Estimation of credit requirement of farm business – A case study. Preparation and analysis of balance sheet – A case study. Preparation and analysis of income statement – A case study. Appraisal of a loan proposal – A case study. Techno-economic parameters for preparation of projects. Preparation of Bankable projects for various agricultural products and its value added products.  Seminar on selected topics.

Ag. Econ. 243: Agricultural Marketing, Trade and Prices                                                              Credit Hours: 3(2+1)

Theory

Agricultural Marketing: Concepts and definitions of market, marketing, agricultural marketing, market structure, marketing mix and market segmentation, classification and characteristics of agricultural markets; demand, supply and producer’s surplus of agri-commodities: nature and determinants of demand and supply of farm products, producer’s surplus – meaning and its types, marketable and marketed surplus, factors affecting marketable surplus of agri-commodities; product life cycle (PLC) and competitive strategies: Meaning and stages in PLC; characteristics of PLC; strategies in different stages of PLC; pricing and promotion strategies: pricing considerations and approaches – cost based and competition based pricing; market promotion – advertising, personal selling, sales promotion and publicity – their meaning and merits & demerits; marketing process and functions: Marketing process-concentration, dispersion and equalization; exchange functions – buying and selling; physical functions – storage, transport and processing; facilitating functions – packaging, branding, grading, quality control and labeling (Agmark); Market functionaries and marketing channels: Types and importance of agencies involved in agricultural marketing; meaning and definition of marketing channel; number of channel levels; marketing channels for different farm products; Integration, efficiency, costs and price spread: Meaning, definition and types of market integration; marketing efficiency; marketing costs, margins and price spread; factors affecting cost of marketing; reasons for higher marketing costs of farm commodities; ways of reducing marketing costs; Role of Govt. in agricultural marketing: Public sector institutions- CWC, SWC, FCI, CACP & DMI – their objectives and functions; cooperative marketing in India; Risk in marketing: Types of risk in marketing; speculation & hedging; an overview of futures trading; Agricultural prices and policy: Meaning and functions of price; administered prices; need for agricultural price policy;  Trade: Concept of International Trade and its need, theories of absolute and comparative advantage. Present status and prospects of international trade in agri-commodities; GATT and WTO; Agreement on Agriculture (AoA) and its implications on Indian agriculture; IPR.

Practical

Plotting and study of demand and supply curves and calculation of elasticities; Study of relationship between market arrivals and prices of some selected commodities; Computation of marketable and marketed surplus of important commodities; Study of price behaviour over time for some selected commodities; Construction of index numbers; Visit to a local market to study various marketing functions performed by different agencies, identification of marketing channels for selected commodity, collection of data regarding marketing costs, margins and price spread and presentation of report in the class; Visit to market institutions – NAFED, SWC, CWC, cooperative marketing society, etc. to study their organization and functioning; Application of principles of comparative advantage of international trade.

Ag. Econ. 365: Farm Management, Production and Resource Economics                                   Credit Hours: 2(1+1)

Theory

Meaning and concept of farm management, objectives and relationship with other sciences. Meaning and definition of farms, its types and characteristics, factor determining types and size of farms. Principles of farm management: concept of production function and its type, use of production function in decision-making on a farm, factor-product, factor-factor and product-product relationship, law of equi-marginal/or principles of opportunity cost and law of comparative advantage. Meaning and concept of cost, types of costs and their interrelationship, importance of cost in managing farm business and estimation of gross farm income, net farm income, family labor income and farm business income.  Farm business analysis:  meaning and concept of farm income and profitability, technical and economic efficiency measures in crop and livestock enterprises. Importance of farm records and accounts in managing a farm, various types of farm records needed to maintain on farm, farm inventory, balance sheet, profit and loss accounts. Meaning and importance of farm planning and budgeting, partial and complete budgeting, steps in farm planning and budgeting-linear programming,  appraisal of farm resources, selection of crops and livestock’s enterprises. Concept of risk and uncertainty occurs in agriculture production, nature and sources of risks and its management strategies, Crop/livestock/machinery insurance – weather based crop insurance, features, determinants of compensation. Concepts of resource economics, differences between NRE and agricultural economics, unique properties of natural resources. Positive and negative externalities in agriculture, Inefficiency and welfare loss, solutions, Important issues in economics and management of common property resources of land, water, pasture and forest resources etc.

Practical

Preparation of farm layout. Determination of cost of fencing of a farm. Computation of depreciation cost of farm assets. Application of equi-marginal returns/opportunity cost principle in allocation of farm resources. Determination of most profitable level of inputs use in a farm production process. Determination of least cost combination of inputs. Selection of most profitable enterprise combination. Application of cost principles including CACP concepts in the estimation of cost of crop and livestock enterprises. Preparation of farm plan and budget, farm records and accounts and profit & loss accounts. Collection and analysis of data on various resources in India.

 

Elective Course

Ag. Econ. 244: Agri-business Management                                                                                    Credit hours: 3(2+1)

Theory

Transformation of agriculture into agribusiness, various stakeholders and components of agribusiness systems. Importance of agribusiness in the Indian economy and New Agricultural Policy.  Distinctive features of Agribusiness Management: Importance and needs of agro-based industries, Classification of industries and types of agro based industries. Institutional arrangement, procedures to set up agro based industries.  Constraints in establishing agro-based industries. Agri-value chain: Understanding primary and support activities and their linkages. Business environment: PEST & SWOT analysis. Management functions: Roles & activities, Organization culture. Planning, meaning, definition, types of plans. Purpose or mission, goals or objectives, Strategies, polices procedures, rules, programs and budget.  Components of a business plan, Steps in planning and implementation. Organization staffing, directing and motivation. Ordering, leading, supervision, communications, control. Capital Management and Financial management of Agribusiness. Financial statements and their importance. Marketing Management: Segmentation, targeting & positioning. Marketing mix and marketing strategies. Consumer behavior analysis, Product Life Cycle (PLC). Sales & Distribution Management. Value chain management in foodgrains, Pricing policy, various pricing methods. Project Management definition, project cycle, identification, formulation, appraisal, implementation, monitoring and evaluation. Project Appraisal and evaluation techniques.

Practical  

 Study of agri-input markets: Seed, fertilizers, pesticides. Study of output markets: grains, fruits, vegetables, flowers. Study of product markets, retails trade commodity trading, and value added products. Study of financing institutions- Cooperative, Commercial banks, RRBs, Agribusiness Finance Limited, NABARD. Preparations of projects and Feasibility reports for agribusiness entrepreneur. Appraisal/evaluation techniques of identifying viable project- Non-discounting techniques. Case study of agro-based industries. Trend and growth rate of prices of agricultural commodities. Computation of price spread for agricultural commodity, Net present worth (NPW) technique for selection of viable project, Internal rate of return (IRR).

 

AGRONOMY

Agron. 111:  Fundamentals of Agronomy                                                                                          Credit hours: 4(3+1)

Theory

Agronomy and its scope, seeds and sowing, tillage and tilth, crop density and geometry, crop nutrition, manures and fertilizers, nutrient use efficiency, water resources, soil plant water relationship, crop water requirement, water use efficiency, irrigation- scheduling criteria and methods, quality of irrigation water, water logging.

Weeds- importance, classification, crop weed competition, concepts of weed management-principles and methods, herbicides- classification, selectivity and resistance, allelopathy.   Growth and development of crops, factors affecting growth and development, plant ideotypes, crop rotation and its principles, adaptation and distribution of crops, crop management technologies in problematic areas, harvesting and threshing of crops.

Practical

Identification of crops, seeds, fertilizers, pesticides and tillage implements, Effect of sowing depth on germination and seedling vigour, Identification of weeds in crops, Methods of herbicide and fertilizer application, Study of yield contributing characters and yield estimation, Seed germination and viability test, Numerical exercises on fertilizer requirement, plant population, herbicides and water requirement, Use of tillage implements-reversible plough, one way plough, harrow, leveler, seed drill, Study of soil moisture measuring devices, Measurement of field capacity, bulk density and infiltration rate, Measurement of irrigation water.

Agron. 112*R:  Agricultural Heritage                                                                                                 Credit hours:  1(1+0)

Theory

Introduction of Indian agricultural heritage, status of farmers in society; advice by sages to kings on their duties towards farmers, soil management in ancient, medieval & pre-modern India and its relevance in modern day sustainable agriculture, heritage of crop & water management and plant protection through Kautilya’s  Artha-Sastra and traditional knowledge. Heritage of medicinal plants and their relevance today, seed health in ancient & medieval history and its relevance to present day agriculture, description of Indian civilization and agriculture by travellers from China, Europe and United States, our journey in agriculture, green revolution and its impact and concerns, vision for the future.

Agron. 233: Crop Production Technology-I (Kharif Crops)                                                             Credit hours: 2(1+1)

Theory

Origin, geographical distribution, economic importance, soil and climatic requirements, varieties, cultural practices and yield of Kharif crops. Cereals – rice, maize, sorghum, pearl millet and finger millet, pulses-pigeonpea, mungbean, cowpea, kulthi, french bean (Rajmash) and urdbean; oilseeds- groundnut, sesame, sunflower  and soybean; fibre crops- cotton & jute; forage crops-sorghum, cowpea, cluster bean, napier and bajra.

Practical

Rice nursery preparation, transplanting of rice, sowing of soybean, pigeonpea, mungbean, maize, groundnut and cotton, effect of seed size on germination and seedling vigour of Kharif crops, effect of sowing depth on germination of Kharif crops, identification of weeds in Kharif crops, top dressing and foliar feeding of nutrients, study of yield contributing characters and yield calculation of Kharif crops, study of crop varieties and important agronomic experiments at experimental farm. Study of forage experiments, morphological description of Kharif crops, visit to research centres of related crops.

Agron. 244: Crop Production Technology-II (Rabi crops)                                                                Credit hours: 2(1+1)

Theory

Origin, geographical distribution, economic importance, soil and climatic requirements, varieties, cultural practices and yield of Rabi crops; cereals –wheat and barley, pulses-chickpea, lentil, peas, oilseeds- rapeseed &, mustard, linseed, safflower and sunflower; sugar crop-sugarcane;  other crop- potato, forage crops-berseem, Lucerne, oat and rye grass.

Practical

Sowing methods of wheat and sugarcane, identification of weeds in Rabi crops, study of morphological characteristics of Rabi crops, study of yield contributing characters of Rabi crops, yield and juice quality analysis of sugarcane, study of important agronomic experiments of Rabi crops at experimental farms. Study of Rabi experiments, visit to research stations of related crops.

Agron. 245: Farming System and Sustainable Agriculture                                                              Credit hours: 1(1+0)

Theory

Farming System-scope, importance and concept, types and systems of farming system and factors affecting types of farming, Farming system components and their maintenance, Cropping system and pattern, multiple cropping system, Efficient cropping system and their evaluation, Allied enterprises and their importance, Tools for determining production and efficiencies in cropping and farming system; Sustainable agriculture-problems and its impact on agriculture, indicators of sustainability, adaptation and mitigation, conservation agriculture strategies in agriculture, HEIA, LEIA and LEISA and its techniques for sustainability, Integrated farming system-historical background, objectives and characteristics, components of IFS and its advantages, Site specific development of IFS model for different agro-climatic zones, resource use efficiency and optimization techniques, Resource cycling and flow of energy in different farming system, farming system and environment, Visit of IFS model in different agro-climatic zones of nearby state Universities/ institutes and farmers field.

Agron. 246:  Introductory Agro meteorology & Climate Change                                                   Credit hours: 2(1+1)

Theory

Earth atmosphere- its composition, extent and structure; Atmospheric weather variables; Atmospheric pressure, its variation with height; Wind, types of wind, daily and seasonal variation of wind speed, cyclone, anticyclone, land breeze and sea breeze; Nature and properties of solar radiation, solar constant, depletion of solar radiation, short wave, longwave and thermal radiation, net radiation, albedo; Atmospheric temperature, temperature inversion, lapse rate, daily and seasonal variations of temperature, vertical profile of temperature, Energy balance of earth; Atmospheric humidity, concept of saturation, vapor pressure, process of condensation, formation of dew, fog, mist, frost, cloud; Precipitation, process of precipitation, types of precipitation such as rain, snow, sleet and hail, cloud formation and classification; Artificial rainmaking. Monsoon- mechanism and importance in Indian agriculture, Weather hazards - drought, floods, frost, tropical cyclones and extreme weather conditions such as heat-wave and cold-wave. Agriculture and weather relations; Modifications of crop micro-climate, climatic normals for crop and livestock production. Weather forecasting- types of weather forecast and their uses. Climate change, climatic variability, global warming, causes of climate change and its impact on regional and national Agriculture.

Practical

Visit of Agrometeorological Observatory, site selection of observatory, exposure of instruments and weather data recording. Measurement of total, shortwave and longwave radiation, and its estimation using Planck’s intensity law. Measurement of albedo and sunshine duration, computation of radiation intensity using BSS. Measurement of maximum and minimum air temperatures, its tabulation, trend and variation analysis.  Measurement of soil temperature and computation of soil heat flux. Determination of vapor pressure and relative humidity. Determination of dew point temperature. Measurement of atmospheric pressure and analysis of atmospheric conditions. Measurement of wind speed and wind direction, preparation of windrose. Measurement, tabulation and analysis of rain. Measurement of open pan evaporation and evapotranspiration. Computation of PET and AET

Agron. 358/GIS 351: Geoinformatics, Nano-technology and Precision Farming                          Credit hours: 2(1+1)

Theory

Precision agriculture: concepts and techniques; their issues and concerns for Indian agriculture; Geo-informatics- definition, concepts, tool and techniques, their use in Precision Agriculture. Crop discrimination and yield monitoring, soil mapping; fertilizer recommendation using geospatial technologies; Spatial data and their management in GIS; Geodesy and its basic principles; Remote sensing concepts and application in agriculture; Image processing and interpretation; Global positioning system (GPS), components and its functions; System Simulation- Concepts and principles, Introduction to crop simulation models and their uses for optimization of agricultural inputs; STCR approach for precision agriculture; Nanotechnology, definition, concepts and techniques, brief introduction about nano scale effects, nano-particles, nano-pesticides, nano-fertilizers, nano-sensors, Use of nanotechnology in tillage, seed, water, fertilizer, plant protection for scaling-up farm productivity.

Practical

Introduction to GIS software, spatial data creation and editing. Introduction to image processing software. Visual and digital interpretation of remote sensing images. Generation of spectral profiles of different objects. Supervised and unsupervised classification and acreage estimation. Multispectral remote sensing for soil mapping. Creation of thematic layers of soil fertility based on GIS. Creation of productivity and management zones. Fertilizers recommendations based on VRT and STCR techniques. Crop stress (biotic/abiotic) monitoring using geospatial technology. Use of GPS for agricultural survey. Formulation, characterization and application of nanoparticles in agriculture. Projects formulation and execution related to precision farming.

Agron. 359: Practical Crop Production-I (Kharif Crops)                                                                  Credit hours: 2(0+2)

Practical

Crop  planning,  Raising  field  crops  in  multiple  cropping  systems:  Field  preparation,  seed, treatment,  nursery  raising,  sowing,  nutrient,  water and weed management  and management  of  insect-pests and diseases  of  crops,  harvesting,  threshing, drying, winnowing, storage and marketing of produce. The emphasis will be given to seed production, mechanization, resource conservation and integrated nutrient, insect-pest and disease management technologies. Preparation of balance sheet including cost of cultivation, net returns per student as well as per team of 8-10 students.

 

        Agron. 3610: Rainfed Agriculture and Watershed Management                                                   Credit hours: 2(1+1)

Theory

Rainfed agriculture: Introduction, types, history of rainfed agriculture & watershed in India; Problems and prospects of rainfed agriculture in India ; Soil and climatic conditions prevalent in rainfed areas; Drought: types, effect of water deficit on physio-morphological characteristics of the plants, Mechanism of crop adaptation under moisture deficit condition; Water harvesting: importance, its techniques, efficient utilization of water through soil and crop management practices, Management of crops in rainfed areas, Contingent crop planning for aberrant weather conditions, Concept, objective, principles and components of watershed management, factors affecting watershed management.

Practical

Study on climate classification, study on rainfall pattern in rainfed areas of the country and pattern of onset and withdrawal of monsoons. Study on cropping pattern of different dry land areas in the country and demarcation of dry land area on map of India. Interpretation of meteorological data and scheduling of supplemental irrigation on the basis of evapo-transpiration demand of crops. Critical analysis of rainfall and possible drought period in the country, effective rainfall and its calculation. Studies on cultural practices viz; mulching, plant density, depth of sowing, thinning and leaf removal for mitigating moisture stress. Characterization and delineation of model watershed. Field demonstration on soil & moisture conservation measures. Field demonstration on construction of water harvesting structures. Visit to rainfed research station/watershed.

Agron. 3611:   Principles of Organic Farming                                                                                  Credit hours: 2(1+1)

Theory

Organic farming, principles and its scope in India; Initiatives taken by Government (central/state), NGOs and other organizations for promotion of organic agriculture; Organic ecosystem and their concepts; Organic nutrient resources and its fortification; Restrictions to nutrient use in organic farming; Choice of crops and varieties in organic farming; Fundamentals of insect-pest, disease and weed management under organic mode of production; Operational structure of NPOP; Certification process and standards of organic farming; Processing, levelling, economic considerations and viability, marketing and export potential of organic products.

Practical

Visit of organic farms to study the various components and their utilization; Preparation of enriched compost, vermicompost, bio-fertilizers/bio-inoculants and their quality analysis; Indigenous Technology Knowledge (ITK) for nutrient, insect-pest, disease and weed management; Cost of organic production system; Post harvest management; Quality aspect, grading, packaging and handling.

 

Agron. 3612:   Practical Crop Production-II (Rabi Crops)                                                                Credit hours: 2(0+2)

Practical

Crop  planning,  raising  field  crops  in  multiple  cropping  systems:  Field  preparation,  seed, treatment,  nursery  raising,  sowing,  nutrient,  water and weed management,  management  of  insect-pests,  diseases  of  crops,  harvesting,  threshing, drying, winnowing, storage and marketing of produce. The emphasis will be given to seed production, mechanization, resource conservation and integrated nutrient, insect-pest and disease management technologies. Preparation of balance sheet including cost of cultivation, net returns per student as well as per team of 8-10 students.

 

Elective Courses

Agron. 247: Weed Management                                                                                                          Credit hours: 3(2+1)

Theory

Introduction to weeds, characteristics of weeds, their harmful and beneficial effects on ecosystem. Classification, reproduction and dissemination of weeds. Herbicide classification, concept of adjuvant, surfactant, herbicide formulation and their use. Introduction to mode of action of herbicides and selectivity. Allelopathy and its application for weed management. Bio-herbicides and their application in agriculture.  Concept of herbicide mixture and utility in agriculture.  Herbicide compatibility with nutrients and their application. Integration of herbicides with non-chemical methods of weed management. Herbicide resistance and its management.

Practical

Techniques of weed preservation. Weed identification and their losses study. Biology of important weeds. Study of herbicide formulations and mixture of herbicide. Herbicide and nutrient compatibility study. Shift of weed flora study in long term experiments. Study of methods of herbicide application and spraying equipments. Calculations of herbicide doses, weed control efficiency and weed index.

Agron. 3613: Agrochemicals*                                                                                                            Credit hours: 3(2+1)

Theory

An introduction to agrochemicals, their type and role in agriculture, effect on environment, soil, human and animal health, merits and demerits of their uses in agriculture, management of agrochemicals for sustainable agriculture.

Herbicides-Major classes, properties and important herbicides. Fate of herbicides.

Fungicides Classification: Inorganic fungicides - characteristics, preparation and use of sulfur and copper fungicides, Mode of action - Bordeaux mixture and copper oxychloride.

Organic fungicides, Mode of action Dithiocarbamates, Characteristics, preparation and use of Zineb and maneb.

Systemic fungicides - Benomyl, carboxin, oxycarboxin, metalaxyl, carbendazim, characteristics and use.

Introduction and classification of insecticides, inorganic and organic insecticides- Organochlorine, Organophosphates, Carbamates, Synthetic pyrethroids Neonicotinoids, Biorationals. Insecticide Act and rules, Insecticides banned, withdrawn and restricted use. Fate of insecticides in soil & plant. IGRs Biopesticides, Reduced risk insecticides, Botanicals, plant and animal systemic insecticides their characteristics and uses.

Fertilizers and their importance. Nitrogenous fertilizers: Feedstocks and Manufacturing of ammonium sulphate, ammonium nitrate, ammonium chloride, urea. Slow release N-fertilizers. Phosphatic fertilizers: feedstock and manufacturing of single super phosphate. Preparation of bone meal and basic slag. Potassic fertilizers: Natural sources of potash, manufacturing of potassium chloride, potassium sulphate and potassium nitrate.

Mixed and complex fertilizers: Sources and compatibility preparation of major, secondary and micronutrient mixtures. Complex fertilizers: Manufacturing of ammonium phosphates, nitrophosphates and NPK complexes. Fertilizer control order. Fertilizer logistics and marketing.

Plant bio-pesticides for ecological agriculture, Bio-insect repellent.

Practical

Sampling of fertilizers and pesticides. Pesticides application technology to study about various pesticides appliances. Quick tests for identification of common fertilizers. Identification of anion and cation in fertilizer. Calculation of doses of insecticides to be used. To study and identify various formulations of insecticide available in market. Estimation of nitrogen in urea. Estimation of water soluble P2O5 and citrate soluble P2O5 in single super phosphate. Estimation of potassium in Muriate of Potash/ Sulphate of Potash by flame photometer. Determination of copper content in copper oxychloride. Determination of sulphur content in sulphur fungicide. Determination of thiram. Determination of ziram content.

*Note:-  To be jointly taught by Department of Agronomy, Soil Science, Entomology and Plant

             Pathology  .

  

AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING

Ag.  Engg. 121: Soil and Water Conservation Engineering                                                              Credit hours: 2(1+1)

Theory

Introduction to Soil and Water Conservation, causes of soil erosion. Definition and agents of soil erosion, water erosion: Forms of water erosion. Gully classification and control measures. Soil loss estimation by universal Soil Loss Equation. Soil loss measurement techniques. Introduction to contouring, strip cropping. Contour bund. Graded bund and bench terraces. Grassed water ways and their design. Water harvesting and its techniques. Wind erosion: mechanics of wind erosion, types of soil movement. Principles of wind erosion control and its control measures.

Practical

General status of soil conservation in India. Calculation of erosion index. Estimation of soil loss. Measurement of soil loss. Preparation of contour maps. Design of grassed water ways. Design of contour bunds. Design of graded bunds. Design of bench terracing system. Problem on wind erosion.

Ag. Engg. 232: Farm Machinery and Power                                                                                     Credit hours: 2(1+1)

Theory

Status of Farm Power in India, Sources of Farm Power, I.C. engines, working principles of I C engines, comparison of two stroke and four stroke cycle engines, Study of different components of I.C. engine, I.C. engine terminology and solved problems, Familiarization with different systems of I.C. engines: Air cleaning, cooling, lubrication, fuel supply and hydraulic control system of a tractor, Familiarization with Power transmission system : clutch, gear box, differential and final drive of a tractor , Tractor types, Cost analysis of tractor power and attached implement, Familiarization with Primary and Secondary Tillage implement, Implement for hill agriculture, implement for intercultural operations, Familiarization with sowing and planting equipment, calibration of a seed drill and solved examples, Familiarization with Plant Protection equipment, Familiarization with harvesting and threshing equipment.

Practical

Study of different components of I.C. engine. To study air cleaning and cooling system of engine, Familiarization with clutch, transmission, differential and final drive of a tractor, Familiarization with lubrication and fuel supply system of engine, Familiarization with brake, steering, hydraulic control system of engine, Learning of tractor driving, Familiarization with operation of power tiller, Implements for hill agriculture, Familiarization with different types of primary and secondary tillage implements: mould plough, disc plough and disc harrow. Familiarization with seed-cum-fertilizer drills their seed metering mechanism and calibration, planters and transplanter Familiarization with different types of sprayers and dusters. Familiarization with different inter-cultivation equipment, Familiarization with harvesting and threshing machinery.

Ag. Engg. 243: Renewable Energy and Green Technology                                                              Credit hours: 2(1+1)

Theory

Classification of energy sources, contribution of these of sources in agricultural sector, Familiarization with biomass utilization for biofuel production and their application, Familiarization with different types of biogas plants and gasifiers, biogas, bioalcohol, biodiesel and biooil production and their utilization as bioenergy resource, introduction of solar energy, collection and their application, Application of Solar energy, Familiarization with solar energy gadgets: solar cooker, solar water heater, solar drying, solar pond, solar distillation, solar photovoltaic system and their application, introduction of wind energy and their application.

Practical

Familiarization with renewable energy gadgets. Study of different biogas plants and gasifier, Study of production process of biodiesel, Study of briquetting machine, Study of the production process of bio-fuels. Familiarization with different solar energy gadgets. Study of solar photovoltaic system: solar light, solar pumping, solar fencing, solar cooker, solar drying system, solar distillation and solar pond.

Ag. Engg. 354: Protected Cultivation and Secondary Agriculture                                                     Credit hours: 2(1+1)

Theory

Green house technology: Introduction, Types of Green Houses; Plant response to Greenhouse environment, Planning and design of greenhouses, Design criteria of green house for cooling and heating purposes. Greenhouse equipment, materials of construction for traditional and low cost green houses. Irrigation systems used in greenhouses, typical applications, passive solar green house, hot air greenhouse heating systems, green house drying. Cost estimation and economic analysis.

Important Engineering properties of cereals, pulses and oilseeds such as physical, thermal and aero & hydrodynamic and their application in PHT (post harvest equipment) equipment design and operation. Drying and dehydration; moisture measurement, EMC, drying theory, various drying methods, type of grain dryer such as deep bed dryer, flat bed dryer, tray dryer, fluidized bed dryer, re-circulatory dryer and solar dryer. Material handling equipment; conveyer and elevators, their principle, working and selection.

Practical

Study of different type of green houses based on shape. Determinating the rate of air exchange in an active summer winter cooling system. Determination of drying rate of agricultural products inside green house. Study of green house equipments. Visit to various Post Harvest Laboratories. Determination of Moisture content of various grains by oven drying & other methods. Determination of engineering properties (shape and size, bulk density and porosity of biomaterials). Determination of Moisture content of various grains by moisture meter. Field visit to seed processing plant.


ENTOMOLOGY

Ento.121: Fundamentals of Entomology                                                                                            Credit hours: 3(2+1)

Theory

Part-I

History of Entomology in India. Factors responsible for insect abundance. Major points related to dominance of Insecta in Animal kingdom. Classification of phylum Arthropoda upto classes. Relationship of class Insecta with other classes of Arthropoda. Morphology: Structure and function of insect cuticle and molting. Body segmentation. Structure of head, thorax and abdomen. Structure and modification of insect antennae, mouth parts, legs, Wing venation, modifications and wing coupling apparatus. Structure of male and female genital organs. Metamorphosis and diapause in insects. Types of larvae and pupae. Structure and functions of digestive, circulatory, excretory, respiratory, nervous, endocrine and reproductive systems in insects. Types of reproduction in insects. Major sensory organs like simple and compound eyes, chemoreceptors.

Part- lI

Systematics: Taxonomy – importance, history and development and binomial nomenclature. Definitions of Biotype, Sub-species, Species, Genus, Family and Order. Classification of class Insecta upto Orders, basic groups of present day insects with special emphasis to orders and families of Agricultural importance like Orthoptera: Acrididae, Tettigoniidae, Gryllidae, Gryllotalpidae, Dictyoptera: Mantidae, Blattidae; Odonata; Isoptera: Termitidae; Thysanoptera: Thripidae; Hemiptera: Pentatomidae, Coreidae, Cimicidae, Pyrrhocoridae, Lygaeidae, Cicadellidae; Delphacidae, Aphididae, Coccidae, Lophophidae, Aleurodidae, Pseudococcidae, Neuroptera: Chrysopidae; Lepidoptera: Pieridae, Papiloinidae, Noctuidae, Sphingidae, Pyralidae, Gelechiidae, Arctiidae, Saturnidae, Bombycidae; Coleoptera: Coccinellidae, Chrysomelidae, Cerambycidae, Curculionidae, Bruchidae, Scarabaeidae; Hymenoptera: Tenthridinidae, Apidae. Trichogrammatidae, Ichneumonidae, Braconidae, Chalcididae; Diptera: Cecidomyiidae, Tachinidae,  Agromyziidae, Culicidae, Muscidae, Tephritidae.

Practical

Methods of collection and preservation of insects including immature stages; External features of Grasshopper/Blister beetle; Types of insect antennae, mouthparts and legs; Wing venation, types of wings and wing coupling apparatus. Types of insect larvae and pupae; Dissection of digestive system in insects (Grasshopper); Dissection of male and female reproductive systems in insects (Grasshopper); Study of characters of orders Orthoptera, Dictyoptera, Odonata, Isoptera, Thysanoptera, Hemiptera, Lepidoptera, Neuroptera, Coleoptera, Hymenoptera, Diptera and their families of agricultural importance..

 

Ento. 232:  Introductory Nematology                                                                                                  Credit hours: 2(1+1)

Theory

Introduction, history and economic importance of phytonematology. General characteristic of plant parasitic nematodes. Nematodes: general morphology, biology and symptomatology. Classification of nematodes upto super family level. Classification of nematodes on the basis of parasitism. Interaction between plant parasitic nematodes and disease causing fungi, bacteria and viruses. Principles and practices of nematode management. Diagnosis, biology, symptoms and management of important plant parasitic nematodes including Meloidogyne spp., Heterodera avenae, Globodera spp., Radopholus similis, Hirschmaniella spp., Pratylenchus spp., Tylenchulus semipenetrans, Rotylenchulus reniformis, Anguina tritici, Aphelenchoides besseyi and Ditylenchus angustus.

Practical

Collection and preservation of soil and plant samples for the analysis of nematodes.  Extraction of nematodes from soil and plant tissues following combined Cobb’s decanting sieving and Baermann funnel technique. Counting and estimation of nematode population. Preparation of temporary nematode mounts. Study and identification of  important plant parasitic nematodes with special reference to their characteristics and symptomatology  including Meloidogyne, Pratylenchus, Heterodera, Ditylenchus, Globodera, Tylenchulus, Xiphinema, Radopholus, Rotylenchulus and Helicotylenchus.

Ento. 243:  Insect Ecology and Integrated Pest Management                                                          Credit hours: 2(1+1)

Theory

Insect Ecology: Introduction, Environment and its components. Effect of abiotic factors- temperature, moisture, humidity, rainfall, light, atmospheric pressure and air currents. Effect of biotic factors- food competition, natural and environmental resistance. Concepts of balance of nature, biotic potential and environmental resistance, causes of outbreak of pests in agroecosystem, Categories of pests, pest surveillance and pest forecasting, IPM: Introduction, History, Importance, concepts, Principles and Tools, , scope and limitations of IPM. Economic importance of insect pests and pest risk analysis, Methods of detections and diagnosis of insect pests. Calculation and dynamics of economic injury level and importance of economic threshold level. Methods of pest control - host plant resistance, cultural, mechanical, physical, legislative, biological, trasgenics. Classification of insecticides, toxicity of insecticides and formulations of insecticides. Insecticide Act 1968 – important provisions. Safety issues in use of pesticides, phytotoxicity of insecticides, symptoms of poisoning, first aid and antidotes. Recent methods of pest control, repellents, antifeedants, hormones, attractants, gamma radiation. Important groups of microorganism used in biological control of insect pests.

Practical

Study of ecosystems, behaviour and orientation of insects. Sampling techniques for estimation of insect pest populations. Methods of diagnosis and detection of various insect pests. Assesment of crop losses due to insects. Methods of Insect Pest Management. Calculations based on economics of IPM. Practicable  IPM Strategies. Calculation of doses/ concentrations of different insecticidal formulations.  Application techniques of spray fluids,

Ento.354: Pests of Crops and Stored Grains and their Management                                              Credit hours: 3(2+1)

Theory

General account on nature and types of damage by different arthropods pests. Scientific name, order, family, host range, distribution, biology and bionomics, nature of damage and management of major pests of various field crops, vegetable crops, fruit crops, plantation crops, ornamental crops, narcotics, spices and condiments. Factors affecting losses of stored grain and role of physical, biological, mechanical and chemical factors in deterioration of grains. Insect pest, mites, rodents, birds and microorganisms associated with stored grain and their management. Storage structures and methods of grain storage and fundamental principles of grain store management.

Practical

Identification of different types of damage. Identification and study of life cycle and seasonal history of various insect pests attacking crops and their produce: (a) Field Crops (b) Vegetable Crops (c) Fruit Crops (d) Plantation, gardens, narcotics, spices & condiments. Identification of insect pests and mites associated with stored grain. Determination of insect infestation by different methods. Fumigation of grain store / godown. Identification of rodents and rodent control operations in godowns. Identification of birds and bird control operations in godowns. Determination of moisture content of grains. Methods of grain sampling under storage condition. Visit to nearest FCI godowns.

Ento. 365: Management of Beneficial Insects                                                                                 Credit hours: 2(1+1)

Theory

Importance of beneficial Insects, Beekeeping, bee biology, commercial methods of rearing, equipments used, seasonal management, bee enemies and diseases. Bee pasturage, bee foraging, bee pollination and communication. Insect-pests and diseases of honey bee.

Types of silkworm, voltinism and biology of silkworm. Mulberry cultivation, mulberry varieties and methods of harvesting and preservation of leaves. Rearing, mounting and harvesting of cocoons. Pests and diseases of silkworm, management, rearing appliances of mulberry silkworm and methods of disinfection.

Species of lac insect, morphology, biology, host plants, lac production – seed lac, button lac, shellac, lac-products. Identification of major parasitoids and predators commonly being used in biological control and their mass multiplication techniques. Important species of pollinators, weed killers and scavengers with their importance.

Practical

Honey bee species, castes of bees. Beekeeping appliances and seasonal management, bee enemies and diseases. Bee pasturage, bee foraging and communication. Types of silkworm, voltinism and biology of silkworm. Mulberry cultivation, mulberry varieties and methods of harvesting and preservation of leaves. Species of lac insect, host plant identification. Identification of other important pollinators, weed killers, predators, parasitoids and scavengers. Visit to research and training institutions devoted to beekeeping, sericulture, lac culture and natural enemies.

AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION AND COMMUNICATION

Ext. 111: Rural Sociology & Educational Psychology                                                                       Credit hours: 2(2+0)

Theory           

Sociology and Rural sociology: Definition and scope, its significance in agricultural extension, Rural society, Social Groups, Social Stratification, Culture , Social Institution,  Social Change & Development. Educational psychology: Meaning & its importance in agriculture extension. Behavior: Cognitive, affective, psychomotor domain, Personality, Learning, Motivation, Theories of Motivation, Intelligence.

Ext. 122: Fundamentals of Agricultural Extension Education                                                           Credit hours: 3(2+1)

Theory

Education:  Meaning, definition & Types; Extension Education- meaning, definition, scope and process; objectives and principles of Extension Education; Extension Programme planning- Meaning, Process, Principles and Steps in Programme Development. Extension systems in India: extension efforts in pre-independence era (Sriniketan, Marthandam, Firka Development Scheme, Gurgaon Experiment, etc.) and post-independence era (Etawah Pilot Project, Nilokheri Experiment, etc.); various extension/ agriculture development programmes launched by ICAR/ Govt. of India (IADP, IAAP, HYVP, KVK, IVLP, ORP, ND,NATP, NAIP, etc.). New trends in agriculture extension: privatization extension, cyber extension/ e-extension, market-led extension, farmer-led extension, expert systems, etc.

Rural Development: concept, meaning, definition; various rural development programmes launched by Govt. of India. Community Dev.-meaning, definition, concept & principles, Physiology of C.D. Rural Leadership: concept and definition, types of leaders in rural context; extension administration: meaning and concept, principles and functions. Monitoring and evaluation: concept and definition, monitoring and evaluation of extension programmes; transfer of technology: concept and models, capacity building of extension personnel; extension teaching methods: meaning, classification, individual, group and mass contact methods, media mix strategies; communication: meaning and definition; models and barriers to communication. Agriculture journalism; diffusion and adoption of innovation: concept and meaning, process and stages of adoption, adopter categories.

Practical

To get acquainted with university extension system. Group discussion- exercise; handling and use of audio visual equipments and digital camera and LCD projector; preparation and use of AV aids, preparation of extension literature – leaflet, booklet, folder, pamphlet, news stories and success stories; Presentation skills exercise; micro teaching exercise; A visit to village to understand the problems being encountered by the villagers/ farmers; to study organization and functioning of DRDA and other development departments at district level; visit to NGO and learning from their experience in rural development; understanding PRA techniques and their application in village development planning; exposure to mass media: visit to community radio and television studio for understanding the process of programme production; script writing, writing for print and electronic media, developing script for radio and television.

Ext. 123: Communication Skills and Personality Development                                                       Credit hours: 2(1+1)

Theory

Communication Skills: Structural and functional grammar; meaning and process of communication, verbal and nonverbal communication; listening and note taking, writing skills, oral presentation skills; field diary and lab record; indexing, footnote and bibliographic procedures. Reading and comprehension of general and technical articles, precise writing, summarizing, abstracting; individual and group presentation, imprompt presentation, public speaking; Group discussion. Organizing seminars and conferences. Personality and perceptions, Personality traits, Pillars of personality development, Self development, Positive attitude, self esteem, personality formation structure.

Practical

Listening and note taking, writing skills, oral presentation skills; field diary and lab record; indexing, footnote and bibliographic procedures. Reading and comprehension of general and technical articles, precise writing, summarizing, abstracting; individual and group presentations.

Ext. 364: Entrepreneurship Development and Business Communication                    Credit hours: 2(1+1)

Theory

Concept of Entrepreneur, Entrepreneurship Development, Characteristics of entrepreneurs; Assessment of entrepreneurship skills, SWOT Analysis & achievement motivation, Entrepreneurial behavior, Government policy and programs and institutions for entrepreneurship development, Entrepreneurial Development Process; Business Leadership Skills; Communication skills for entrepreneurship development, Developing organizational skill , Developing Managerial skills, Problem solving skill,  Achievement motivation; time management; Supply chain management and Total quality management, Project Planning Formulation and report preparation; Opportunities for entrepreneurship and rural entrepreneurship.

Practical

Assessing entrepreneurial potential, problem solving ability, managerial skills and achievement motivation, exercise in creativity, time audit, preparation of business plan and proposal writing, visit to entrepreneurship development institute and entrepreneurs.

 

SOCIOLOGY

Soc. 111: Human Values and Ethics (Non Credit)**                                                                         Credit hours: 1(1+0)

Theory

Values and Ethics-An Introduction. Goal and Mission of Life. Vision of Life. Principles and Philosophy. Self Exploration. Self Awareness. Self Satisfaction. Decision Making. Motivation. Sensitivity. Success. Selfless Service. Case Study of Ethical Lives. Positive Spirit. Body, Mind and Soul. Attachment and Detachment. Spirituality Quotient.

 

GENETICS AND PLANT BREEDING

GP 121: Fundamentals of Genetics                                                                                                    Credit hours: 3(2+1)

Theory

Pre and Post Mendelian concepts of heredity, Mendelian principles of heredity; Cell division – mitosis, meiosis; Probability and Chi-square; Dominance relationships, gene interaction, epistatic interactions with examples; Multiple alleles, blood group genetics, pleiotropism and pseudoalleles; Sex determination and sex linkage, sex limited and sex influenced traits; Linkage and its estimation, crossing over mechanisms, chromosome mapping;  Structural and numerical  changes in chromosomes; Mutation, classification, mutagenic agents, methods of inducing mutation & CIB technique; Qualitative & Quantitative traits, polygenes and continuous variations, multiple factor hypothesis; Cytoplasmic inheritance; Genetic disorders; Nature, structure & replication of genetic material; Protein synthesis, Transcription and translational mechanism of genetic material; Gene concept: Gene structure, function and regulation, Lac and Trp operons.

Practical

Study of microscope; Study of cell structure; Experiments on monohybrid, dihybrid, trihybrid, test cross and back cross; Experiments on epistatic interactions including test cross and back cross; Practice on mitotic and meiotic cell division; Experiments on probability and Chi-square test; Determination of linkage and cross over analysis (through two point test cross and three point test cross data); Study on sex linked inheritance in Drosophila ; Study of models on DNA and RNA structure.

GP 232: Fundamentals of Plant Breeding                                                                                           Credit hours: 3(2+1)

Theory

Historical development, concept, nature and role of plant breeding, major achievements and future prospects; Genetics in relation to plant breeding, modes of reproduction and apomixis, self – incompatibility and male sterility- genetic consequences, cultivar options. Domestication, Acclimatization, introduction; Centre of origin/diversity, components of genetic  variation; Heritability and genetic advance;  Genetic basis and breeding methods in self- pollinated  crops-mass and pure line selection, hybridization techniques and handling of segregating populations; Multiline concept. Concepts of population genetics and Hardy-Weinberg Law, Genetic basis and methods of breeding cross pollinated crops,  modes of selection;  Heterosis and inbreeding depression, development of inbred lines and hybrids, composite and synthetic varieties;  Breeding methods in asexually propagated crops,  clonal selection and hybridization; Ideotype concept; Wide hybridization and pre-breeding; Polyploidy in relation to plant breeding, mutation breeding-methods and uses; Breeding for important biotic and abiotic stresses; Biotechnological tools-DNA markers and marker assisted selection. Participatory plant breeding; Intellectual Property Rights, Patenting, Plant Breeders and  Farmer’s Rights.

Practical

Plant Breeder’s kit, Study of germplasm of various crops. Study of floral structure of self-pollinated and cross pollinated crops. Emasculation and hybridization techniques in self & cross pollinated crops. Consequences of inbreeding on genetic structure of resulting populations. Study of male sterility system. Handling of segregating populations. Methods of calculating mean, range, variance, standard error, standard deviation, heritability, genetic advance; Designs used in plant breeding experiments, analysis of Randomized Block Design. To work out the mode of pollination in a given crop and extent of natural out crossing. Prediction of performance of double cross hybrids.

GP243/ SST 241: Principles of Seed Technology                                                                               Credit hours: 3(2+1)

Theory

Seed and seed technology: introduction, definition and importance. Deterioration causes of crop varieties and their control; Maintenance of genetic purity during seed production, seed quality; Definition, Characters of good quality seed, different classes of seed. Foundation and certified seed production of important cereals, pulses, oilseeds, fodder and vegetables. Seed certification, phases of certification, procedure for seed certification, field inspection. Seed Act and Seed Act enforcement. Duty and powers of seed inspector, offences and penalties. Seeds Control Order 1983, Varietal Identification through Grow Out Test and Electrophoresis, Molecular and Biochemical test. Detection of genetically modified crops, Transgene contamination in non-GM crops, GM crops and organic seed production.

Seed drying, processing and their steps, seed testing for quality assessment, seed treatment, its importance, method of application and seed packing. Seed storage; general principles, stages and factors affecting seed longevity during storage. Measures for pest and disease control during storage. Seed marketing: structure and organization, sales generation activities, promotional media. Factors affecting seed marketing, Role of WTO and OECD in seed marketing.

Practical

Seed production in major cereals: Wheat, Rice, Maize, Sorghum and Bajra. Seed production in major pulses: Urd, Mung, Pigeonpea, Lentil, Gram, Field pea. Seed production in major oilseeds: Soybean, Rapeseed and Mustard. Seed production in vegetable crops. Seed sampling and testing: Physical purity, germination, viability, etc. Seed and seedling vigour test. Genetic purity test: Grow out test and electrophoresis. Seed certification: Procedure, Field inspection, Preparation of field inspection report. Visit to seed production farms, seed testing laboratories and seed processing plant.

GP 355: Crop Improvement – I (Kharif Crops)                                                                                Credit hours: 2(1+1)

Theory

Centers of origin, distribution of species, wild relatives in different cereals; pulses; oilseeds; fibres; fodders, underutilized crops and cash crops; vegetable and horticultural crops; Plant genetic resources: utilization and conservation; Floral biology, study of genetics of qualitative and quantitative characters; Important concepts of breeding self pollinated, cross pollinated and vegetatively propagated crops; Major breeding objectives and procedures including conventional and modern innovative approaches for development of hybrids and varieties for yield, adaptability, stability, abiotic and biotic stress tolerance and quality (physical, chemical, nutritional); Seed production technology in self pollinated, cross pollinated and vegetatively propagated crops. Hybrid seed production technology in Maize, Rice, Sorghum, Pearl millet and Pigeonpea etc., Ideotype concept and climate resilient crop varieties for future.

Practical

Emasculation and hybridization techniques in different crop species; viz., Rice, Maize, Sorghum, Pearl millet, Ragi, Pigeonpea, Urdbean, Mungbean, Soybean, Groundnut, Sesame, Castor, Cotton, Cowpea, and Tobacco. Maintenance breeding of different kharif crops. Handling of germplasm and segregating populations by different methods like pedigree, bulk and single seed descent methods; Study of field techniques for seed production and hybrid seed production in kharif crops; Estimation of heterosis, inbreeding depression and heritability; Layout of field experiments; Study of quality characters, donor parents for different characters; Visit to seed production plots; Visit to AICRP plots of different field crops.

GP 356:  Intellectual Property Rights                                                                                                 Credit hours: 1(1+0)

Theory

Introduction and meaning of intellectual property, brief introduction to GATT, WTO, TRIPs and WIPO, Treaties for IPR protection: Madrid protocol, Berne Convention, Budapest treaty, etc.Types of Intellectual Property and legislations covering IPR in India:-Patents, Copyrights, Trademark, Industrial design, Geographical indications, Integrated circuits, Trade secrets. Patents Act 1970 and Patent system in India, patentability, process and product patent, filing of patent, patent specification, patent claims, Patent opposition and revocation, infringement, Compulsory licensing, Patent Cooperation Treaty, Patent search and patent database.

Origin and history including a brief introduction to UPOV for protection of plant varieties, Protection of plant varieties under UPOV and PPV&FR Act of India, Plant breeders’ rights, Registration of plant varieties under PPV&FR Act 2001, breeders’, researchers’ and farmers’ rights. Traditional knowledge-meaning and rights of TK holders.

Convention on Biological Diversity, International treaty on plant genetic resources for food and agriculture (ITPGRFA). Indian Biological Diversity Act, 2002 and its salient features, access and benefit sharing.

GP 367: Crop Improvement – II (Rabi Crops)                                                                                   Credit hours: 2(1+1)

Theory

Centers of origin, distribution of species, wild relatives in different cereals; pulses; oilseeds; fodder crops, under utilized crops  and cash crops; vegetable and horticultural crops; Plant genetic resources: utilization and conservation; Floral biology, study of genetics of qualitative and quantitative characters; Important concepts of breeding self pollinated, cross pollinated and vegetatively propagated crops; Major breeding objectives and procedures including conventional and modern innovative approaches for development of hybrids and varieties for yield, adaptability, stability, abiotic and biotic stress tolerance and quality (physical, chemical, nutritional); Seed production technology in self pollinated, cross pollinated and vegetatively propagated crops, Hybrid seed production technology of rabi crops, Ideotype concept and climate resilient crop varieties for future.

Practical

Emasculation and hybridization techniques in different crop species namely Wheat, Oat, Barley, Chickpea, Lentil, Field pea, Rapeseed- mustard, Sunflower, Potato, Berseem. Sugarcane, Handling of germplasm and segregating populations by different methods like pedigree, bulk and single seed descent methods; Study of field techniques for seed production and hybrid seed production in rabi crops; Estimation of heterosis, inbreeding depression and heritability; Layout of field experiments; Study of quality characters, study of donor parents for different characters; Visit to seed production plots; Visit to AICRP plots of different field crops.

 

Elective Course

GP 244:  Commercial Plant Breeding                                                                                                 Credit hours: 3(1+2)

Theory

Types of crops and modes of plant reproduction. Line development and maintenance breeding in self and cross pollinated crops (A/B/R and two line system) for development of hybrids and seed production.  Genetic purity test of commercial hybrids. Advances in hybrid seed production of maize, rice, sorghum, pearl millet, castor, sunflower, cotton pigeon pea, Rapeseed- mustard etc., Quality seed production of vegetable crops under open and protected environment. Alternative strategies for the development of the line and cultivars: haploid inducer, tissue culture techniques and biotechnological tools. IPR issues in commercial plant breeding: DUS testing and registration of varieties under PPV & FR Act. Variety testing, release and notification systems in India. Principles and techniques of seed production, types of seed, quality testing in self and cross pollinated crops. 

Practical

Floral biology in self and cross pollinated species, selfing and crossing techniques. Techniques of seed production in self and cross pollinated crops using A/B/R and two line system. Learning techniques in hybrid seed production using male-sterility in field crops. Understanding the difficulties in hybrid seed production, Tools and techniques for optimizing hybrid seed production. Concept of roguing in seed production plot. Concept of line, its multiplication and purification in hybrid seed production. Role of pollinators in hybrid seed production. Hybrid seed production techniques in sorghum, pearl millet, maize, rice, rapeseed-mustard, sunflower, castor, pigeon pea, cotton and vegetable crops. Sampling and analytical procedures for purity testing and detection of spurious seed, grow out test and electrophoresis. Seed drying and storage structure in quality seed management. Screening techniques during seed processing viz., grading and packaging. Visit to public- private seed production and processing plants.


PLANT PATHOLOGY

Pl. Path. 121: Fundamentals of Plant Pathology                                                                                Credit hours: 3(2+1)

Theory

Introduction: Importance of plant diseases, scope and objectives of Plant Pathology. History of Plant Pathology with special reference to Indian work. Terms and concepts in Plant Pathology. Pathogenesis. Cause and classification of plant diseases. Important  plant  pathogenic  organisms,    different  groups: fungi,  bacteria, fastidious  vesicular  bacteria,  phytoplasmas,  spiroplasmas,  viruses,  viroids,  algae,  protozoa and phanerogamic  parasites with  examples  of  diseases  caused  by  them. Diseases and symptoms due to abiotic causes.

Fungi: general characters, definition of fungus, somatic structures, types of fungal thalli, fungal tissues, modifications of thallus, reproduction (asexual and sexual). Nomenclature, Binomial system of nomenclature, rules of nomenclature, classification of fungi. Key to divisions, sub-divisions, orders and classes.

Bacteria and mollicutes: general morphological characters. Basic methods of classification and reproduction.

Viruses: nature, architecture, multiplication and transmission.

Study of phanerogamic plant parasites.

Principles and methods of plant disease management. Role of Biotechnology in Plant Pathology

Nature, chemical combination, classification, mode of action and formulations of fungicides and antibiotics.

Practical

Acquaintance with various laboratory equipment’s and microscopy. Preparation of media, isolation and Koch’s postulates. General study of different structures of fungi. Study of symptoms of various plant diseases. Study of representative fungal genera. Staining and identification of plant pathogenic bacteria. Transmission of plant viruses. Study of phanerogamic plant parasites.

Study of fungicides and their formulations. Methods of pesticide application and their safe use. Calculation of fungicide sprays concentrations.

 Pl.Path. 352: Principles of Integrated Disease Management                                                         Credit hours: 3(2+1)

Theory

IPM: Introduction, history, importance, concepts, principles and tools of IDM. Economic importance of plant diseases. Methods of detection and diagnosis of plant diseases. Survey, surveillance and forecasting of plant diseases. Study of Plant disease epidemiology. Methods of disease management: Host plant resistance, cultural, physical, legislative, biological and chemical control. Ecological management of crop environment. Introduction to conventional pesticides for the plant disease management. Development and validation of IDM module. Implementation and impact of IDM module for plant disease management. Safety issues in pesticide uses. Case histories of important IDM programmes.

Practical

Methods of diagnosis and detection of various plant diseases. Methods of plant disease measurement. Monitoring of plant diseases in field. Study of disease progress of diseases with relation to envriormental factores.Isolation, screening and Identification of biocontrol agents. Mass multiplication of Trichoderma, Pseudomonas, etc. Bio-efficacy of fungicides in plant disease control. Awareness campaign at farmers fields.

Pl. Path. 353: Diseases of Field and Horticultural Crops and their Management-I                        Credit hours: 3(2+1)

Theory

Symptoms, etiology, disease cycle and management of major diseases of following crops:

Field Crops: Rice: blast, brown spot, bacterial blight, sheath blight, false smut, khaira and tungro; Maize: stalk rots, downy mildew, leaf spots; Sorghum: smuts, grain mold and anthracnose, Bajra: downy mildew and ergot; Groundnut: early and late leaf spots, wilt Soybean: Rhizoctonia blight, frogeye leaf spot, bacterial spot, pod blight, seed and seedling rot and mosaic; Pigeonpea: Phytophthora blight, wilt and sterility mosaic; Finger millet: Blast and leaf spot; black & green gram: Cercospora leaf spot and anthracnose, web blight and yellow mosaic; Castor: Phytophthora blight; Cotton: anthracnose, vascular wilt, and black arm; Tobacco: black shank, black root rot and mosaic. Horticultural Crops: Guava: wilt and anthracnose; Banana: Panama wilt, bacterial wilt, Sigatoka and bunchy top; Papaya: foot rot, leaf curl and mosaic, Brinjal: Phomopsis blight and fruit rot and Sclerotinia blight; Tomato: damping off,  wilt, early and late blight, buck eye rot and leaf curl and mosaic;  Okra: Yellow Vein Mosaic; Beans: anthracnose and  bacterial blight; Cucurbits: downy mildew, powdery mildew, wilt; Chilies: anthracnose and fruit rot, wilt and leaf curl; Ginger: soft rot; Turmeric: leaf spot; Colocasia: Phytophthora blight; Coconut: wilt and bud rot; Tea: blister blight; Coffee: rust

Practical

Identification and histopathological studies of selected diseases of field and horticultural crops covered in theory. Field visit for the diagnosis of field problems. Collection and preservation of plant diseased specimens for Herbarium; Note: Students should submit 50 pressed and well-mounted specimens.

 

Pl. Path. 364: Diseases of Field and Horticultural Crops and their Management-II                     Credit hours: 3(2+1)

Theory

Symptoms, etiology, disease cycle and management of following diseases:

Field Crops:

Wheat: rusts, loose smut, karnal bunt, powdery mildew, alternaria blight, and ear cockle;

Sugarcane: red rot, smut, wilt, grassy shoot, ratoon stunting and Pokkah Boeng;

Sunflower: Sclerotinia stem rot and Alternaria blight; Mustard: Alternaria blight, white rust, downy mildew and Sclerotinia stem rot; Gram: wilt, grey mould and Ascochyta blight; Lentil: rust and wilt; Pea: downy mildew, powdery mildew, root rot/wilt, Ascochyta blight and rust Horticultural Crops: Mango:  anthracnose, malformation, bacterial blight and powdery mildew; Citrus: canker and gummosis; Grape vine: downy mildew, Powdery mildew and anthracnose; Apple: scab, powdery mildew, collar rot, white root rot, fire blight and crown gall; Peach: leaf curl; Pomegranate: bacterial blight; Strawberry: leaf spot

Potato: early and late blight, black scurf, leaf roll, and mosaic; Cruciferous vegetables:  Alternaria leaf spot and black rot; Onion and garlic: downy mildew, purple blotch, and Stemphylium blight; Coriander: stem gall Marigold: Botrytis blight; Rose: dieback, powdery mildew and black leaf spot. Carnation; fusaium wilt, leaf blight, Lilium; bulb rot

Practical

Identification and histopathological studies of selected diseases of field and horticultural crops covered in theory. Field visit for the diagnosis of field problems. Collection and preservation of plant diseased specimens for herbarium.

SOIL SCIENCE

Soils 111: Fundamentals of Soil Science                                                                                           Credit hours: 3(2+1)

Theory

Soil as a natural body, Pedological and edaphological concepts of soil; Soil genesis: soil forming rocks and minerals; weathering, processes and factors of soil formation; Soil Profile, components of soil; Soil physical properties: soil-texture, structure, density and porosity, soil colour, consistence and plasticity; Elementary knowledge of soil  taxonomy classification and soils of India; Soil water retention, movement and availability; soil air, composition, gaseous exchange, problem and plant growth; source, amount and flow of heat in soil; soil temperature and plant growth; Soil reaction-pH, soil acidity and alkalinity, buffering, effect of pH on nutrient availability; soil colloids - inorganic and organic; silicate clays: constitution and properties; sources of charge ion exchange, cation exchange capacity, base saturation; soil organic matter: composition, properties and its influence on soil properties; humic substances - nature and properties; soil organisms: macro and micro organisms, their beneficial and harmful effects; Soil pollution - behaviour of pesticides and inorganic contaminants, prevention and mitigation of soil pollution.

Practical

Study of soil profile in field. Study of soil sampling tools, collection of representative soil sample, its processing and storage. Study of soil forming rocks and minerals. Determination of soil density, moisture content and porosity. Determination of soil texture by feel and Bouyoucos Methods. Studies of capillary rise phenomenon of water in soil column and water movement in soil. Determination of soil pH and electrical conductivity. Determination of cation exchange capacity of soil. Study of soil map. Determination of soil colour. Demonstration of heat transfer in soil. Estimation of organic matter content of soil.

Soils 242: Problematic Soils and their Management                                                                        Credit Hours: 2(2+0)

Theory

Soil quality and health, Distribution of Waste land and problem soils in India. Their categorization based on properties. Reclamation and management of Saline and Sodic soils, Acid soils, Acid Sulphate soils, Eroded and Compacted soils, Flooded soils, Polluted soils.

Irrigation water – quality and standards, utilization of saline water in agriculture. Remote sensing and GIS in diagnosis and management of problem soils.

Multipurpose tree species (MPTs), bio remediation through MPTs of soils, land capability and classification, land suitability classification. Problematic soils under different Agroeco systems.

Soils 353: Manures, Fertilizers and Soil Fertility Management                                                     Credit Hours: 3(2+1)

Theory

Introduction and importance of organic manures, properties and methods of preparation of bulky and concentrated manures. Green/leaf manuring. Integrated nutrient management.

Chemical fertilizers: classification, composition and properties of major nitrogenous, phosphatic, potassic fertilizers, secondary & micronutrient fertilizers, Complex fertilizers, nano fertilizers Soil amendments, Fertilizer Storage, Fertilizer Control Order.

History of soil fertility and plant nutrition, criteria of essentiality, role, deficiency and toxicity symptoms of essential plant nutrients, Mechanisms of nutrient transport to plants, factors affecting nutrient availability to plants. Chemistry of soil nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, sulphur and micronutrients. Soil fertility evaluation, Soil testing. Critical levels of different nutrients in soil. Forms of nutrients in soil, plant analysis, rapid plant tissue tests. Indicator plants. Methods of fertilizer recommendations to crops. Factor influencing nutrient use efficiency (NUE), methods of application under rainfed and irrigated conditions.

Practical

Introduction of analytical instruments and their principles, calibration and applications, Colorimetry and flame photometry. Estimation of available N in soils. Estimation of available P in soils. Estimation of available K in soils, Estimation of available S in soils. Estimation of available Ca and Mg in soils. Estimation of available Zn in soils. Estimation of  N in plants. Estimation of P in plants. Estimation of K in plants. Estimation of S in plants.

Elective Course

Soils. 354: Biopesticides & Biofertilizers                                                                                          Credit hours: 3(2+1)

Theory

History and concept of biopesticides. Importance, scope and potential of biopesticide. Definitions, concepts and classification of biopesticides viz. pathogen, botanical pesticides, and biorationales. Botanicals and their uses. Mass production technology of bio-pesticides. Virulence, pathogenicity and symptoms of entomopathogenic pathogens and nematodes. Methods of application of biopesticides. Methods of quality control and Techniques of biopesticides. Impediments and limitation in production and use of biopesticide.

Biofertilizers - Introduction, status and scope. Structure and characteristic features of bacterial biofertilizers- Azospirillum, Azotobacter, Bacillus, Pseudomonas, Rhizobium and Frankia; Cynobacterial biofertilizers- Anabaena, Nostoc, Hapalosiphon and fungal biofertilizers- AM mycorrhiza and ectomycorhiza. Nitrogen fixation -Free living and symbiotic nitrogen fixation. Mechanism of phosphate solubilization and phosphate mobilization, K solubilization. Production technology: Strain selection, sterilization, growth and fermentation, mass production of carrier based and liquid biofertiizers. FCO specifications and quality control of biofertilizers. Application technology for seeds, seedlings, tubers, sets etc. Biofertilizers -Storage, shelf life, quality control and marketing. Factors influencing the efficacy of biofertilizers.

Practical

To study about mass production technology of important biopesticides. Identification of important botanicals. Visit to biopesticide lab. working in nearby area. Field visit to explore naturally infected cadavers. Identification of entomopathogenic entities in field condition. Quality control of biopesticides.

Isolation and purification of Azospirillum , Azotobacter,  Rhizobium, P-solubilizers and cyanobacteria. Mass multiplication and inoculums production of biofertilizers. Isolation of AM fungi -Wet sieving method and sucrose gradient method. Mass production of AM inoculants.

Note:- To be jointly taught by Department of Soil Science, Plant Pathology and Entomology.

 

VEGETABLE SCIENCE & FLORICULTURE

VSF-121/VSF 231*: Production technology for vegetables and spices                                           Credit hours: 2(1+1)

Theory

Importance of vegetable and spices in human nutrition and national economy; Vegetable gardens and classification of vegetables; Brief about origin, area, production, improved varieties and cultivation practices such as time of sowing, methods of sowing, transplanting techniques, planting distance, fertilizer requirements, irrigation, weed management, harvesting, storage, physiological disorders, disease and pest control and seed production of important vegetable and spices viz., solanaceous vegetables, cucurbits (cucumber, bittergourd, bottle gourd, musk melon, watermelon, summer squash), French bean, cow pea, okra, amaranth, potato, cole crops, garden pea, onion, garlic, palak, fenugreek, root vegetables, black pepper, cardamom, cumin, coriander, ginger, turmeric. Salient points with respect to production technology of tuber crops (sweet potato, cassava), perennial vegetables (moringa, ivy gourd) and rare vegetables (Asparagus, lettuce, parsley, celery).

Practical

Identification of vegetables and spice crops and their seeds. Nursery raising of vegetables and spices. Direct seed sowing and transplanting. Study of morphological characters of different vegetables and spices. Fertilizers applications. Vegetables and spices seed extraction. Harvesting and preparation for market. Economics of vegetables and spices cultivation.

VSF 242: Production Technology for Ornamental Crops, MAPs and Landscaping                        Credit hours: 2(1+1)

Theory

Importance and scope of ornamental crops, medicinal and aromatic plants and landscaping. Elements and Principles of landscaping. Landscape uses of trees, shrubs and climbers. Production technology of important cut flowers like rose, gerbera, carnation, lilium and orchids under protected conditions and gladiolus, tuberose, chrysanthemum under open conditions. Package of practices for loose flowers like marigold and jasmine under open conditions. Production technology of important medicinal plants like asparagus, aloe, costus, Cinnamomum, periwinkle, isabgol and aromatic plants like mint, lemongrass, citronella, palmarosa, ocimum, rose, geranium, vetiver. Processing and value addition in ornamental crops and MAPs produce.

Practical

Identification of Ornamental plants. Identification of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants. Nursery bed preparation and seed sowing. Training and pruning of Ornamental plants. Planning and layout of garden. Bed preparation and planting of MAP. Protected structures – care and maintenance. Intercultural operations in flowers and MAP. Harvesting and post harvest handling of cut and loose flowers. Processing of MAP. Visit to commercial flower/MAP unit.

 

Elective Courses

VSF 353: Landscaping                                                                                                                        Credit hours: 3(2+1)

Theory

Importance and scope of landscaping. Principles of landscaping, garden  styles and types, terrace gardening, vertical gardening, garden components, adornments, rockery, water garden, walk-paths, bridges, other constructed features etc. gardens for special purposes. Trees: selection, propagation, planting schemes, canopy management, shrubs and herbaceous perennials: selection, propagation, planting schemes, architecture. Climber and creepers: importance, selection, propagation, planting, Annuals: selection, propagation, planting scheme, Other garden plants: palms, ferns, grasses and cacti succulents. Pot plants: selection, arrangement, management. Bio-aesthetic planning: definition, need, planning; landscaping of urban and rural areas, Peri-urban landscaping, Landscaping of schools, public places like bus station, railway station, townships, river banks, hospitals, play grounds, airports, industries, institutions. Beautification of highways and avenues in hilly areas. Bonsai: principles and management, lawn: establishment and maintenance. CAD application.

Practical

Identification of trees, shrubs, annuals, pot plants; Propagation of trees, shrubs and annuals, care and maintenance of plants, potting and repotting, identification of tools and implements used in landscape design, training and pruning of plants for special effects, lawn establishment and maintenance, layout of formal gardens, informal gardens, special type of gardens (sunken garden, terrace garden, rock garden) and designing of conservatory and lathe house. Use of computer software, visit to important gardens/ parks/ institutes.

VSF 354: Protected Cultivation                                                                                                           Credit hours: 3(2+1)

Theory

Protected cultivation- importance and scope, status of protected cultivation in India and World, types of protected structure based on site and climate, basic principles of protected cultivation, cladding material involved in greenhouse/ poly house, greenhouse designs, environment control, artificial lights, automation, soil preparation and management, substrate management, nursery management, types of benches and containers, irrigation and fertigation management, propagation and production of quality planting material of horticultural crops, greenhouse cultivation of important horticultural crops – rose, carnation, chrysanthemum, gerbera, orchid, lilium, tulip, alstroemeria, tomato, bell pepper, cucumber, lettuce, strawberry, pot plants, etc., off-season production of cut flowers and vegetables, plant protection.

Practical

Familiarity with various protected structures, year round utilization of polyhouses, identification of vegetable, flowers and other horticultural crops and their varieties, raising of seedlings and saplings under protected conditions, use of protrays for quality planting material production, bed preparation and transplanting, inter cultural operations, soil EC and pH measurement, regulation of irrigation and fertilizers through drip, fogging and misting.

Note:- To be jointly taught by Department of Vegetable Science & Floriculture, Agricultural Engineering and Horticulture

*For B.Sc. (Hons.) Agriculture IInd Year (2017-18) only

 

VSF365:  Commercial Vegetable Production                                                                                       Credit Hrs: 3 (2+1)

Theory

Scope and importance of vegetable cultivation in hills; Commercial vegetables of different agro-climatic zones; Improved varieties/hybrids, sowing/planting times and methods, seed rate, spacing, nutrients and irrigation requirements, intercultural operations, weed control, harvesting, post-harvest management and plant protection for raising commercial crops like potato, tomato, brinjal, hot/bell pepper, garden pea, French bean, cucumber, bottle gourd, bitter gourd, summer squash okra,  cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, knolkhol, carrot, radish, onion, garlic, turmeric and ginger. 

Practical

Identification of vegetable seeds, crops and important varieties; Nursery raising practices; Cultural operations namely, sowing/transplanting, fertilizer application, intercultural operations, weed control, mulching, irrigation, pest management , harvesting and post-harvest  handling of commercial vegetable crops; Identification of important physiological disorders and their management and preparation of vegetable based cropping schemes for commercial farms.

 

HORTICULTURE

Hort. 111: Fundamentals of Horticulture                                                                                           Credit hours: 2(1+1)

Theory

Horticulture-Its definition and branches, importance and scope; horticultural and botanical classification; climate and soil for horticultural crops; Plant propagation-methods and propagating structures; principles of orchard establishment; Principles and methods of training and pruning, juvenility and flower bud differentiation; unfruitfulness; pollination, pollinizers and pollinators; fertilization and parthenocarpy; kitchen gardening; garden types and parts; lawn making; medicinal and aromatic plants; species and condiments; use of plant bio-regulators in horticulture. Irrigation & fertilizers application-method and quantity.

 Practical

Identification of garden tools. Identification of horticultural crops. Preparation of seed bed/nursery bed. Practice of sexual and asexual methods of propagation. Layout and planting of orchard plants. Training and pruning of fruit trees. Transplanting and care of vegetable seedlings. Making of herbaceous and shrubbery borders. Preparation of potting mixture, potting and repotting. Fertilizer application in different crops. Visits to commercial nurseries/orchard.

 Hort. 242: Production Technology for Fruit and Plantation Crops                                                   Credit hours: 2(1+1)

Theory

Importance and scope of fruit and plantation crop industry in India; High density planting; Use of rootstocks; Production technologies  for the cultivation of major fruits-mango, banana, citrus, grape, guava, litchi, papaya, apple, pear, peach, plum, apricot, cherry, kiwi and; minor fruits- pineapple,  pomegranate, strawberry, nut crops (pecan and walnut); plantation crops-coconut, arecanut, cashew, tea, coffee & rubber.

 Practical

Seed propagation. Scarification and stratification of seeds. Propagation methods for fruit and plantation crops including Micro-propagation. Description and identification of fruit. Preparation of plant bio regulators and their uses, physiological disorders of above fruit and plantation crops, Visit to commercial orchard.

Hort.364/FST362: Post-harvest Management and Value Addition of Fruits and Vegetables       Credit hours:2(1+1)

Theory

Importance of fruits and vegetables, extent and possible cause of pre and post harvest losses; Pre-harvest factors affecting post-harvest quality; Maturity, ripening and change occurring during ripening; Respiration and factor affecting respiration and affecting respiration rate; Role of ethylene; Post-harvest disease and disorders; Heat, chilling and freezing injury; Harvesting and field handling; Storage (ZECC, cold storage, CA, MA and hypobaric); Principles and methods of preservation; Value addition of foods and food products; Food quality and its role in food industry; Storage and transportation of fresh and processed food products; Food standards and specifications.

Practical:

Application of different types of packaging for shelf life extension; Effect of temperature on self life and quality of product. Methods of judging maturity in fruits, maturity indices of different fruits and vegetables. Extraction and preservation of pulps and juices. Preparation of jam, jelly, RTS, nectar, squash, osmotically dried product, fruits bar and candy and tomato products, canned products. Quality evaluation of products- physico-chemical, nutritional and sensory. Visit to food processing unit/industry. Demonstration on zero energy cool chamber.

Elective Course

Hort. 243*: Hi-tech. Horticulture                                                                                                        Credit hours: 3(2+1)

Theory

Introduction & importance; Nursery management and mechanization; micro propagation of horticultural crops; Modern field preparation and planting methods, Protected cultivation: advantages, controlled conditions, method and techniques, Micro irrigation systems and its components; EC, pH based fertilizer scheduling, canopy management, high density orcharding, Components of precision farming: Remote sensing, Geographical Information System (GIS), Differential Geo-positioning System (DGPS), Variable Rate applicator (VRA), application of precision farming in horticultural crops (fruits, vegetables and ornamental crops); mechanized harvesting of produce.

Practical

Types of playhouses and shade net houses, Intercultural operations, tools and equipments identification and application, Micro propagation, Nursery-protrays, micro-irrigation, EC, pH based fertilizer scheduling, canopy management, visit to hi-tech orchard/nursery.

Note: To be jointly taught by Department of  Horticulture, Vegetable Science & Floriculture, GIS, COBS   


FTY 111: Introduction to Forestry                                                                                                    Credit hours: 2(1+1)

Theory

Introduction – definitions of basic terms related to forestry, objectives of silviculture, forest classification, salient features of Indian forest ecosystem, Succession and zonation limiting factors climax vegetation, food chain. Natural forest and their formation, types of natural forest and their distribution, natural forest v/s man made forest. Policies. Forest regeneration, Natural regeneration - natural regeneration from seed and vegetative parts, coppicing, pollarding, root suckers; Artificial regeneration – objectives, choice between natural and artificial regeneration, essential preliminary considerations. Crown classification. Tending operations – weeding, cleaning, thinning – mechanical, ordinary, crown and advance thinning. Forest mensuration – objectives, diameter measurement, instruments used in diameter measurement; Non instrumental methods of height measurement - shadow and single pole method; Instrumental methods of height measurement - geometric and trigonometric principles, instruments used in height measurement; tree stem form, form factor, form quotient, measurement of volume of felled and standing trees, age determination of trees. Agroforestry – definitions, importance, criteria of selection of trees in agroforestry, different agroforestry systems prevalent in the country, shifting cultivation, taungya, alley cropping, wind breaks and shelter belts, home gardens. Cultivation practices of two important fast growing tree species of the region. 

Practical

Identification of tree-species. Diameter measurements using calipers and tape, diameter measurements of forked, buttressed, fluted and leaning trees. Height measurement of standing trees by shadow method, single pole method and hypsometer. Volume measurement of  logs using various formulae. Nursery lay out, seed sowing, vegetative propagation techniques. Forest plantations and their management. Visits of nearby forest based industries.

Env. 111/231*: Environmental Studies and Disaster Management                                                Credit hours: 3(2+1)

Theory

Multidisciplinary nature of environmental studies Definition, scope and importance.

Ecosystems: Concept of an ecosystem, Structure and function of an ecosystem, Producers, consumers and decomposers, Energy flow in the ecosystem. Ecological succession, Food chains, food webs and ecological pyramids. Introduction, types, characteristic features, structure and function of the following ecosystem: a. Forest ecosystem b. Grassland ecosystem c. Desert ecosystem d. Aquatic ecosystems (ponds, streams, lakes, rivers, oceans, estuaries)

Natural Resources: Renewable and non-renewable resources, Natural resources and associated problems. a) Forest resources: Use and over-exploitation, deforestation, case studies. Timber extraction, mining, dams and their effects on forest and tribal people. b) Water resources: Use and over-utilization of surface and ground water, floods, drought, conflicts over water, dams-benefits and problems. c) Mineral resources: Use and exploitation, environmental effects of extracting and using mineral resources, case studies. d) Food resources: World food problems, changes caused by agriculture and overgrazing, effects of modern agriculture, fertilizer-pesticide problems, water logging, salinity, case studies. e) Energy resources:  Growing energy needs, renewable and non-renewable energy sources, use of alternate energy sources. Case studies. f) Land resources: Land as a resource, land degradation, man induced landslides, soil erosion and desertification. Role of an individual in conservation of natural resources. Equitable use of resources for sustainable lifestyles.

Biodiversity and its conservation: - Introduction, definition, genetic, species & ecosystem diversity and biogeographical classification of India. Value of biodiversity: consumptive use, productive use, social, ethical, aesthetic and option values. Biodiversity at global, National and local levels, India as a mega-diversity nation. Hot-sports of biodiversity. Threats to biodiversity: habitat loss, poaching of wildlife, man-wildlife conflicts.  Endangered and endemic species of India. Conservation of biodiversity: In-situ and Ex-situ conservation of biodiversity.

Environmental Pollution: definition, cause, effects and control measures of: a) Air pollution b) Water pollution c) Soil pollution d) Sound pollution e) Thermal pollution g) Nuclear hazards. Solid Waste Management: causes, effects and control measures of urban, rural and industrial wastes Fireworks hazards: types, causes, effects on environment and human health, measures to reduce the usage of firework.

Social Issues and the Environment: From Unsustainable to Sustainable development, Urban problems related to energy, Water conservation, rain water harvesting, watershed management. Environmental ethics: Issues and possible solutions, greenhouse gases, greenhouse gas effect, ozone layer depletion, global warming, climate change, impact of climate change on agriculture production, acid rain, nuclear accidents and nuclear holocaust. Wasteland reclamation. Consumerism and waste products. Environment Protection Act. Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act. Water (Prevention and control of Pollution) Act. Wildlife Protection Act. Forest Conservation Act. Issues involved in enforcement of environmental legislation. Public awareness.

Human Population and the Environment: population growth, variation among nations, population explosion, Environmental and human health. International agreement: Montreal and Kyoto protocols and Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). Role of Information Technology in Environment and human health with role of an individual in prevention of pollution.

Disaster management

Natural Disasters- Meaning and nature of natural disasters, their types and effects. Floods, drought, cyclone, earthquakes, landslides, avalanches, volcanic eruptions, Heat and cold waves, Sea level rise.

Man Made Disasters- Nuclear disasters, chemical disasters, biological disasters, building fire, coal fire, forest fire, oil fire, air pollution, water pollution, deforestation, industrial waste water pollution, road accidents, rail accidents, air accidents, sea accidents.

Disaster Management- Efforts to mitigate natural disaster at national and global levels. International strategy for disaster reduction. Concept of disaster management, national disaster management framework; financial arrangements; role of NGOs, community –based organizations and media. Central, state, district and local administration; Armed forces in disaster response; Disaster response; Police and other organizations.

*For B.Sc. (Hons.) Agriculture IInd Year (2017-18) only

 

BIOTECHNOLOGY

Biotech. 231: Fundamentals of Plant Biotechnology                                                                         Credit hours: 2(1+1)

Theory

Concepts and applications of plant Biotechnology: scope, organ culture, embryo culture, cell suspension culture, callus culture, anther culture, pollen culture and ovule culture and their applications. Micropropagation methods: organogenesis and embryogenesis, synthetic seed and their significance. Embryo rescue and its significance, somatic hybridization and cybrids, somaclonal variation, and its use in crop improvement. Introduction to recombinant DNA methods: Physical (gene gun method), chemical (PEG mediated) and Agrobacterium-mediated gene transfer methods. Transgenics and their importance in crop improvement. PCR techniques and their applications: RFLP, RAPD, SSR. Marker assisted breeding in crop improvement.

Practical

Sterilization techniques, Composition of various tissue culture media and preparation of stock solutions for MS nutrient medium, Callus induction from various explants, Micropropagation, hardening and acclimatization, Demonstration on isolation of DNA, Demonstration of gel electrophoresis techniques and DNA finger printing.

Elective Course

Biotech. 362: Micro propagation Technologies                                                                                 Credit hours: 3(1+2)

Theory

Meaning and concept of in vitro culture and micro-propagation; Historical milestones, advancement and future prospects of micro-propagation; totipotency, dedifferentiation; Tissue culture methodology: Sterile techniques, synthetic and natural media components, growth regulators, environmental requirement, genetic control of regeneration; Plant regeneration pathways - Organogenesis and Somatic embryogenesis;

Micro-propagation- Definition, methods, stages of micro-propagation and its significance; Axillary bud proliferation approach- Shoot tip and meristem culture; Organogenesis- Purpose, methods and requirements for organogenesis, indirect and direct organogenesis; Somatic embryogenesis- Procedures and requirements for organogenesis, indirect and direct embryogenesis; Differences between somatic and gametic embryogenesis, Synthetic seed- Concepts, necessity, procedure and requirements for production of synthetic seeds.

Practical

Laboratory organization, sterilization techniques for explants, glassware, plastic wares, lab wares and working platform. Preparation of stocks and working solution. Preparation and sterilization of growth regulators. Preparation of working medium and experimentation on determining optimum concentration of growth regulators. Callus induction and regeneration of whole plants from different parts of plants. Direct regeneration into whole plants using bud, node and other tissues. Induction of somatic embryos. Experiments of synthetic seeds production and testing storability and germination efficiency.

COLLEGE OF BASIC SCIENCE

Biochemistry

PB 121: Plant Biochemistry                                                                                                              Credit hours: 2(1+1)

Theory

Importance of Biochemistry. Properties of Water, pH and Buffer. Carbohydrates: Importance and classification, Structures of Monosaccharides, Reducing and oxidizing properties of Monosaccharides, Mutarotation; Structure of Disaccharides and Polysaccharides. Lipids: Importance and classification; Structures and properties of fatty acids; storage lipids and membrane lipids. Proteins: Importance of proteins and classification; Structures and zwitter ion nature of amino acids; Structural organization of proteins. Enzymes: General properties and classification; Michaelis & Menten equation; Introduction to allosteric enzymes. Nucleic acids: Importance and classification; Structure of Nucleotides, A, B & Z DNA and RNA. Metabolism of carbohydrates: Glycolysis, TCA cycle, Electron transport chain, Metabolism of lipids: β-oxidation.

Practical

Preparation of solution, pH & buffers, Qualitative tests of carbohydrates and amino acids. Quantitative estimation of glucose/proteins. Titration methods for estimation of amino acids/lipids, Effect of pH, temperature and substrate concentration on enzyme action. Paper chromatography/TLC demonstration for separation of amino acids/ Monosaccharides.

Bio. 111: Introductory Biology                                                                                                           Credit hours: 2(1+1)

Theory

Introduction to the living world, diversity and characteristics of life, origin of life, Evolution and Eugenics. Binomial nomenclature and classification Cell and cell division. Morphology of flowing plants. Seed and seed germination. Plant systematic- viz; Brassicaceae, Fabaceae and Poaceae.  Role of animals in agriculture.

Practical

Morphology of flowering plants – root, stem and leaf and their modifications. Inflorence, flower and fruits. Cell, tissues & cell division. Internal structure of root, stem and leaf. Study of specimens and slides. Description of plants - Brassicaceae, Fabaceae and Poaceae.

Math 111: Elementary Mathematics                                                                                               Credit hours: 2(2+0)

Theory

Straight lines : Distance formula, section formula (internal and external division), Change of axes (only origin changed), Equation of co-ordinate axes, Equation of lines parallel to axes, Slope-intercept form of equation of line, Slope-point form of equation of line, Two point form of equation of line, Intercept form of equation of line, Normal form of equation of line, General form of equation of line, Point of intersection of two st. lines, Angles between two st. lines, Parallel lines, Perpendicular lines, Angle of bisectors between two lines, Area of triangle and quadrilateral. Circle: Equation of circle whose centre and radius is known, General equation of a circle, Equation of circle passing through three given points, Equation of circle whose diameters is line joining two points (x1, y1) & (x2,y2), Tangent and Normal to a given circle at given point (Simple problems), Condition of tangency of a line y = mx + c to the given circle x2 + y2 = a2.Differential Calculus : Definition of function, limit and continuity, Simple problems on limit, Simple problems on continuity, Differentiation of xn , ex , sin x & cos x from first principle, Derivatives of sum, difference, product and quotient of two functions, Differentiation of functions of functions (Simple problem based on it), Logarithmic differentiation (Simple problem based on it), Differentiation by substitution method and simple problems based on it, Differentiation of Inverse Trigonometric functions. Maxima and Minima of the functions of the form y=f (x) (Simple problems based on it).

Integral  Calculus : Integration of simple functions, Integration of Product of two functions, Integration by substitution method, Definite Integral (simple problems based on it), Area under simple well-known curves (simple problems based on it).

Matrices and Determinants: Definition of Matrices, Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication, Transpose and Inverse up to 3rd order, Properties of determinants up to 3rd order and their evaluation.

Eng. 111 Comprehension and Communication Skills in English                                                       Credit hours: 2(1+1)

Theory

War Minus Shooting- The sporting Spirit. A Dilemma- A layman looks at science Raymond B. Fosdick. You and Your English – Spoken English and broken English G.B. Shaw. Reading Comprehension, Vocabulary- Antonym, Synonym, Homophones, Homonyms, often confused words. Exercises to Help the students in the enrichment of vocabulary based on TOEFL and other competitive examinations. Functional grammar: Articles, Prepositions, Verb, Subject verb Agreement, Transformation, Synthesis, Direct and Indirect Narration. Written Skills: Paragraph writing, Precise writing, Report writing and Proposal writing. The Style: Importance of professional writing. Preparation of Curriculum Vitae and Job applications. Synopsis Writing. Interviews: kinds, Importance and process.

Practical

Listening Comprehension: Listening to short talks lectures, speeches (scientific, commercial and general in nature). Oral Communication:  Phonetics, stress and intonation, Conversation practice. Conversation: rate of speech, clarity of voice, speaking and Listening, politeness & Reading skills:  reading dialogues, rapid reading, intensive reading, improving reading skills. Mock Interviews: testing initiative, team spirit, leadership, intellectual ability. Group Discussions.

Crop Physiol. 231/121*: Fundamentals of Crop Physiology                                                               Credit hours: 2(1+1)

Theory

Introduction to crop physiology and its importance in Agriculture; Plant cell:  an Overview; Diffusion and osmosis; Absorption of water, transpiration and Stomatal Physiology; Mineral nutrition of Plants: Functions and deficiency symptoms of nutrients, nutrient uptake mechanisms; Photosynthesis: Light and Dark reactions, C3, C4 and CAM plants; Respiration: Glycolysis, TCA cycle and electron transport chain; Plant growth regulators: Physiological roles and  agricultural uses, Physiological aspects of growth and development: Growth analysis, Role of Physiological growth parameters in crop productivity.

Practical

Study of plant cells, structure and distribution of stomata, imbibitions, osmosis, plasmolysis, measurement of root pressure, rate of transpiration, Separation of photosynthetic pigments through paper chromatography, Rate of transpiration, photosynthesis, respiration, estimation of relative water content, Measurement of photosynthetic CO2 assimilation by Infra Red Gas Analyser (IRGA).

*For B.Sc. (Hons.) Agriculture IInd Year (2017-18) only

Ag. Micro. 121: Agricultural Microbiology                                                                                        Credit hours: 2(1+1)

Theory

Introduction. Microbial world: Prokaryotic and eukaryotic microbes. Bacteria: cell structure, chemoautotrophy, photo autotrophy, growth. Bacterial genetics: Genetic recombination- transformation, conjugation and transduction, plasmids, transposon.

Role of microbes in soil fertility and crop production: Carbon, Nitrogen, Phosphorus and sulphur cycles. Biological nitrogen fixation- symbiotic, associative and aysmbiotic. Azolla, blue green algae and mycorrhiza. Rhizosphere and phyllosphere. Microbes in human welfare: silage production, biofertilizers, biopesticides, biofuel production and biodegradation.

Practical

Introduction to microbiology laboratory and its equipments; Microscope- parts, principles of microscopy, resolving power and numerical aperture. Methods of sterilization. Nutritional media and their preparations. Enumeration of microbial population in soil- bacteria, fungi, actinomycetes. Methods of isolation and purification of microbial cultures. Isolation of Rhizobium from legume root nodule. Isolation of Azotobacter from soil. Isolation of Azospirillum from roots. Staining and microscopic examination of microbes.

*For B.Sc. (Hons.) Agriculture IInd Year (2017-18) only

Stat. 231: Statistical Methods                                                                                                             Credit hours: 2(1+1)

Theory

Introduction to Statistics and its application in Agriculture; Frequency distribution and its graphical representation; Measures of central tendency, dispersion, skewness and kurtosis; Definition of probability, addition and multiplication theorem (without proof),simple problem based on probability; Definition of correlation, scatter diagram, Karl Pearson’s coefficient of correlation; Linear regression equations; Introduction to sampling methods, sampling versus complete enumeration, simple random sampling with and without replacement, use of random number tables for selection of simple random sample; Introduction to tests of significance; Large sample tests - SND tests for means (one sample and two samples); Small sample tests: Student's t-test for one sample, Fisher’s t-test for two samples, F-test; Introduction to Analysis of Variance, analysis of one-way and two-way classified data with one observation per cell.

Practical

Construction of frequency distribution table and its graphical representation; Measures of central tendency with calculation of quartiles, deciles and percentiles (ungrouped & grouped data), Measures of dispersion (ungrouped & grouped data), Moments, measures of skewness &kurtosis (ungrouped & grouped data); Correlation &regression analysis; Selection of random sample using simple random sampling; SND tests for means (one sample and two samples); Student's t-test for one sample, Fisher’s t-test for two samples, F-test; Analysis of variance for one-way and two-way classified data.

Ag. Info. 361: Agri. Informatics                                                                                                           Credit hours: 2(1+1)

Theory

Introduction to Computers, Anatomy of Computers, Memory Concepts, Units of Memory, Operating System, definition and types, Applications of MS-Office for creating, Editing and Formatting a document, Data presentation, tabulation and graph creation, statistical analysis, mathematical expressions, Database, concepts and types, creating database, uses of DBMS in Agriculture, Internet and World Wide Web (WWW), Concepts and components.

e-Agriculture, concepts, design and development. Application of innovative ways to use information and communication technologies (IT) in Agriculture. Computer Models in Agriculture: statistical, weather analysis and crop simulation models, concepts, structure, inputs-outputs files, limitation, advantages and application of models for understanding plant processes, sensitivity, verification, calibration and validation. IT application for computation of water and nutrient requirement of crops, Computer-controlled devices (automated systems) for Agri-input management, Smart phone mobile apps in Agriculture for farm advises, market price, post harvest management etc; Geospatial technology, concepts, techniques, components and uses for generating valuable agri-information. Decision support systems, concepts, components and applications in Agriculture, Agriculture Expert System, Soil Information Systems etc for supporting Farm decisions. Preparation of contingent crop-planning and crop calendars using IT tools.

Practical

Study of Computer Components, accessories, practice of important DOS Commands. Introduction of different operating systems such as windows, Unix/ Linux, Creating, Files & Folders, File Management. Use of MS-WORD and MS Power-point for creating, editing and presenting a scientific Document. MS-EXCEL - Creating a spreadsheet, use of statistical tools, writing expressions, creating graphs, analysis of scientific data, handling macros. MS-ACCESS: Creating Database, preparing queries and reports, demonstration of Agri-information system. Introduction to World Wide Web (WWW) and its components.

COLLEGE OF HOME SCIENCE

FST 231: Principles of Food Science and Nutrition                                                                           Credit hours: 2(1+1)

Theory:

Concept of food science (definition, measurements, density, phase change, pH, osmosis, surface tension, colloidal systems etc.); Food composition, functions, sources and deficiencies (carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals and water,); Food microbiology (bacteria, yeast, moulds, spoilage of fresh and processed foods, production of fermented foods); Principles and methods of food processing and preservation (use of heat, low temperature, chemicals, radiation, drying etc.); Classification and functions of Food Additives; Energy and BMR; Effect of cooking and processing on nutrients; Nutraceutical properties and preparation of health foods; New trends in food science and nutrition.

Practical:

Proximate analysis of foods; Preparation of food products using fruits, vegetables, milk, cereals and legumes; Estimation of TSS, acidity, sugars, ascorbic acid, pH and microbiological quality of food products; Menu planning; Balanced and modified diets.

Elective Course

FST 362:  Food Safety and Standards                                                                                                 Credit hours: 3(2+1)

Theory

Food Safety – Definition, Importance, Scope and Factors affecting Food Safety. Hazards and Risks, Types of hazards - Biological, Chemical, Physical hazards. Management of hazards - Need. Control of parameters. Temperature control. Food storage. Product design. Hygiene and Sanitation in Food Service Establishments- Introduction. Sources of contamination and their control. Waste Disposal. Pest and Rodent Control. Personnel Hygiene. Food Safety Measures. Food Safety Management Tools- Basic concepts. PRPs, GHPs, GMPs, SSOPs etc. HACCP. ISO series. TQM - concept and need for quality, components of TQM, Kaizen. Risk Analysis. Accreditation and Auditing, Water Analysis, Surface Sanitation and Personal Hygiene. Food laws and Standards- Indian Food Regulatory Regime, FSSA. Global Scenario CAC. Other laws and standards related to food. Recent concerns- New and Emerging Pathogens. Packaging, Product labeling and Nutritional labeling. Genetically modified foods\ transgenics. Organic foods. Newer approaches to food safety. Recent Outbreaks.

Practical

Water quality analysis physico-chemical and microbiological. Preparation of different types of media. Microbiological Examination of different food samples. Assessment of surface sanitation by swab/rinse method. Assessment of personal hygiene. Biochemical tests for identification of bacteria. Scheme for the detection of food borne pathogens. Preparation of plans for Implementation of FSMS - HACCP, ISO: 22000.

ANIMAL SCIENCE

LPM 231:  Livestock and Poultry Management                                                                              Credit Hours: 3 (2+1)

Theory

Role of livestock in the national economy. Important Indian and exotic breeds of cattle, buffalo, sheep, goat and poultry. Housing principles, space requirements for different species of livestock and poultry.Management of calves, growing heifers and milch animals. Important management practices for sheep, goat and swine. Classification of feed stuffs.Feed supplement and feed additives. General information regarding oestrus, gestation and parturition in cattle and buffaloes. General information regarding concept of AI , ETT and organic animal husbandry. Milk, its composition and clean milk production. Introduction to livestock and poultry diseases. Prevention (vaccination schedule) and control of important diseases of livestock and poultry.

Practical

Visit to dairy and poultry farms of university to study breeds, housing systems, daily routine farm operations and farm records. External body parts of cattle, buffalo, sheep, goat, swine and poultry. Handling and restraining of livestocks. Identification methods of farm animals and poultry. Estimation of body weights in farm animals. Methods ofmilking in dairy animals. Determination of Specific gravity, Fat and  SNF of milk.Familiarization with different incubation and hatchery operations and poultry farm operations. Economics of dairy and poultry farm production.

Examination and Evaluation System

Fifth Deans’ Committee deliberated on the examination and evaluation system being followed by different universities. The Committee recommends Uniform Grading system to be followed with uniform OGPA requirements for award of degrees at all levels and uniform conversion formulae to be followed for declaration of I, II and III divisions, distinctions etc. Declaration of division in the degree certificate to be made compulsory by all universities:

Examination

External theory (50%)

Internal Theory + Practical (50%)

 -Courses with theory and practical

Mid-term Exam (30%) + Assignment (5%) in practical oriented courses + Practical (15%)

     -Courses with only theory

Mid-term Exam (40%) + Assignment (10%)

     -Courses with only practical:

      (100%) Internal

·     Paper to be set by external: HOD shall ensure the coverage of syllabus. If needed moderation can be done.

·    Evaluation to be done internally by the faculty other than the Course Instructor. Syllabus of the concerned course shall be sent to the external examiner, who shall prepare the question papers. For practical, it is recommended that examination shall be conducted by course instructor(s) and one teacher nominated by HOD.

·    Discipline(s)/ subject(s) where there is single faculty member in the campus, the papers will be got evaluated from faculty member(s) of same discipline(s)/ subject(s) from outstation(s)/ KVK’s of the University. Course instructor will evaluate paper(s) under exceptional circumstances only

       

        Evaluation

Degree

Percentage of Marks Obtained

Conversion into Points

All

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

100

10 Points

90 to <100

9 to <10

80 to <90

8 to <9

70 to <80

7 to <8

60 to <70

6 to <7

50 to <60

5 to <6

<50 (Fail)

<5

e.g.     80.76

8.076

43.60

4.360

72.50 (but shortage in attendance)

Fail (1 point)

 

OGPA

Division

5.000 – 5.999

Pass

6.000 – 6.999

II division

7.000 – 7.999

I division

8.000 and above

I division with distinction

 

GPA             =          Total points scored / Total credits (for 1 semester)

CGPA          =          ∑ Total points scored / Course credits

OGPA          =          ∑ Total points scored (after excluding failure   points)/ Course credits

% of Marks  =          OGPA x 100/10

 

DEPARTMENT/COLLEGE WISE COURSES FOR B.Sc. (Hons.) AGRICULTURE 4-YEAR PROGRAMME.

AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS

1.

Ag.Econ.111

Principles of Agricultural Economics

2+0

2.

Ag.Econ.122

Production Economics and Farm Management

1+1

3.

Ag.Econ.233

Agricultural Finance and Co-operation

1+1

4.

Ag.Econ.244

Agricultural Marketing, Trade and Prices

1+1

5.

Ag.Econ.355

Fundamentals of Farm-Business Management (including Project Development, Appraisal and Monitoring)

1+1

AGRONOMY

1.

Agron.111

Principles of Agronomy and Agricultural Meteorology

2+1

2.

Agron.112

Introductory Agriculture (Ancient Heritage, Agricultural Scenario and Gender equity in Agriculture)

1+0

3.

Agron.123

Water Management including Micro-irrigation

2+1

4.

Agron.234

Field crops-I(Kharif)

2+1

5.

Agron.235

Farming System and Sustainable Agriculture

1+1

6.

Agron.246

Field crops-II(Rabbi)

2+1

7.

Agron.357

Weed Management

1+1

8.

Agron.358

Practical Crop Production-I(Kharif crops)

0+1

9.

Agron.369

Practical Crop Production-II(Rabbi Crops)

0+1

10.

Agron.3610

Organic Farming

2+1

AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING

1.

Ag.Engg.111

Fundamentals of Soil, Water and Conservation Engineering

2+1

2.

Ag.Engg.232

Renewable Energy

1+1

3.

Ag.Engg.243

Farm Power and Machinery

1+1

4.

Ag.Engg.364

Protected Cultivation and Post-Harvest Technology

1+1

ENTOMOLOGY

1.

Ento.121

Insect Morphology and Systematics

2+1

2.

Ento.242

Insect Ecology and Integrated Pest Management including Beneficial Insects

2+1

3.

Ento.353

Crop Pests and Stored Grain Pests and their Management.

2+1

EXTENSION EDUCATION

1.

Soc. 111

Rural Sociology and Educational Psychology

2+0

2.

Soc. 122

Human Values and Ethics

1+0 (NC)

2.

Ext.242

Dimensions of Agricultural Extension

1+1

3.

Ext.353

Extension Methodologies for Transfer of Agricultural Technology.

1+1

4.

Ext.364

Entrepreneurship Development and Communication Skills

1+1

PLANT BREEDING & GENETICS

1.

PBG.111

Principles of Genetics

2+1

2.

PBG.122

Principles of Plant Breeding

2+1

3.

PBG.233

Principles of Seed Technology

2+1

4.

PBG.244

Principles of Plant Biotechnology

2+1

5

PBG.355

Breeding of Field/Horticulture Crops

2+1

PLANT PATHOLOGY

1.

Pl.Path.111

Plant Pathogens and Principles of Plant Pathology

3+1

2.

Pl.Path.122

Introductory Nematology

1+1

3.

Pl.Path.233

Diseases of Field Crops and their Management

2+1

4.

Pl.Path.364

Diseases of Horticultural Crops and their Management

2+1

SOIL SCIENCE

1.

Soils.111

Introduction to Soil Science

2+1

2.

Soils.122

Soil Chemistry, Soil Fertility and Nutrient Management

2+1

3.

Soils.233

Manures, Fertilizers and agro-chemicals

2+1

VEGETABLE  SCIENCE  &  FLORICULTURE

1.

VSF.231

Production Technology of Vegetables and Flowers

2+1

HORTICULTURE

1

Hort.351

Production Technology of Fruit Crops

2+1

2.

Hort.362

Production Technology of Spices, Aromatic, Medicinal and Plantation Crops

2+1

3.

Hort.363

Post-harvest Management and Value Addition of Fruits and Vegetables

1+1

AGROFORESTRY & ENVIRONMENT

1.

Env.361

Environmental Science

1+1

COLLEGE OF BASIC SCIENCES

1.

Eng.111

Comprehension and Communication Skills in English

1+1(NC)

2.

Ag.Micro.121

Agricultural Microbiology

2+1

3.

Cr.Physiol.241

Crop Physiology

2+1

4.

Comp.241

Introduction to Computer Applications

1+1

5

Biochem.351

Biochemistry

2+1

6.

Stat.351

Statistics

1+1

COLLEGE OF VETY. & ANIMAL SCIENCE

1.

LPM.361

Live Stock Production & Management

2+1

STUDENTS WELFARE ORGANISATION

1.

NCC/NSS/Physical Education

NCC/NSS/Physical Education

0+1 (NC)

Course schedule as per 5th Deans’ Committee w.e.f. Session 2016 -17

 

SEMESTER I

 

Hort.111

Fundamentals of Horticulture

2(1+1)

Biotech.111

Fundamentals of Plant Biochemistry and Biotechnology

3(2+1)

Soils.111

Fundamentals of Soil Science

3(2+1)

FTY.111

Introduction of Forestry

2(1+1)

Eng.111

Comprehension and Communication Skills in English

2 (1+1)

Agron.111

Fundamentals of Agronomy

4(3+1)

Bio./Math.111

Introductory Biology*/Elementary Mathematics*

2(1+1)/2(2+0)*

Agron.112

Agriculture Heritage

1(1+0)*

Soc.111

Rural Sociology & Educational Psychology

2(2+0)

Soc.112

Human Values and Ethics (non gradial)

1(1+0)**(NC)

NCC/NSS

NCC/NSS/Physical Education& Yoga Practices**

2(0+2)

 

Total Cr. Hrs.

21+3(NC)

*R:Remedial Course

** NC: Non gradial-course Course

 

SEMESTER II

 

GP. 121

Fundamentals of Genetics

3(2+1)

Ag.Micro.121

Agricultural Microbiology

2(1+1)

Ag.Engg121

Soil and Water Conservation Engineering

2(1+1)

Crop Physiol.121

Fundamentals of Crop Physiology

2(1+1)

Ag. Econ 121

Fundamentals of Agricultural Economics

2(2+0)

Pl. Path.121

Fundamentals of Plant Pathology

4(3+1)

Ento.121

Fundamentals of Entomology

4(3+1)

Ext.122

Fundamentals of Agricultural Extension Education

3(2+1)

Ext.123

Communication Skills and Personality Development

2(1+1)

NCC/NSS

NCC/NSS/Physical Education& Yoga Practices**

2(0+2)

 

Total Cr. Hrs.

24(16+8)

Semester wise course schedule as per 4th Deans’ Committee 

B.Sc. (Hons.) Agriculture – Ist year

 

SEMESTER I

 

Course No.

Title

Credit hours

Agron. 111

Principles of Agronomy and Agricultural Meteorology

3(2+1)

Agron. 112

Introductory Agriculture (Ancient Heritage, Agricultural Scenario and Gender Equity in Agriculture)

1(1+0)

Soils 111

Introduction to Soil Science

3(2+1)

Ag. Engg. 111

Fundamentals of Soil, Water and Conservation Engineering

3(2+1)

Ag. Econ. 111

Principles of Agricultural Economics

2(2+0)

PBG 111

Principles of Genetics

3(2+1)

Pl. Path. 111

Plant Pathogens and Principles of Plant Pathology

4(3+1)

Eng. 111

Comprehension and Communication Skills in English

2 (1+1) NC

Total

19 + 2 NC

SEMESTER II

Agron. 123

Water Management including Micro-irrigation

3(2+1)

Soils 122

Soil Chemistry, Soil Fertility and Nutrient Management

3(2+1)

Pl. Path 122

Introductory Nematology

2(1+1)

Ag. Econ. 122

Production Economics and Farm Management

2(1+1)

PBG 122

Principles of Plant Breeding

3(2+1)

Ext. 121

Fundamentals of Rural Sociology and Educational Psychology

2(2+0)

Ag. Micro. 121

Agricultural Microbiology

3(2+1)

Ento. 121

Insect Morphology and Systematics

3(2+1)

TOTAL

21

B.Sc.(Hons.) Agriculture II year

SEMESTER III

Agron. 234

Field crops-I (Kharif)

3 (2+1)

Agron. 235

Farming Systems and Sustainable Agriculture

2 (1+1)

Soils 233

Manures, Fertilizers and Agro-chemicals

3 (2+1)

Ag. Econ. 233

Agricultural Finance and Co-operation

2 (1+1)

VSF. 231

Production Technology of Vegetables and Flowers

3 (2+1)

Ag. Engg. 232

Renewable Energy

2 (1+1)

Pl. Path. 233

Diseases of Field Crops and their Management

3 (2+1)

PBG 233

Principles of Seed Technology

3 (2+1)

TOTAL

21

SEMESTER IV

Course No.

Title

Credit Hours

Agron. 247

Field crops-II (Rabi )

3(2+1)

PBG 244

Principles of Plant Biotechnology

3(2+1)

Ag. Engg. 243

Farm Power and Machinery

2(1+1)

Ext. 242

Dimensions of Agricultural Extension

2 (1+1)

Ento. 242

Insect Ecology and Integrated Pest Management including Beneficial Insects

3(2+1)

Ag. Econ. 244

Agricultural Marketing, Trade and Prices

2(1+1)

Cr.Physiol. 241

Crop Physiology

3(2+1)

Comp. 241

Introduction to Computer Applications

2(1+1)

TOTAL

20

B.Sc.(Hons.) Agriculture III year

SEMESTER V

Agron. 357

Weed Management

2 (1+1)

Agron. 358

Practical Crop Production – I (Kharif crops)

1 (0+1)

PBG 355

Breeding of Field/Horticulture Crops

3(2+1)

Ento. 353

Crop Pests and Stored Grain Pests and their Management

3(2+1)

Stat. 351

Statistics

2 (1+1)

Biochem. 351

Biochemistry

3(2+1)

Ag. Econ. 355

Fundamentals of Farm-Business Management (including Project Development, Appraisal and Monitoring)

2(1+1)

Hort. 351

Production Technology of Fruit Crops

3(2+1)

Ext. 353

Extension Methodologies for Transfer of Agricultural Technology

2(1+1)

TOTAL

21

SEMESTER VI

Ag. Engg. 364

Protected Cultivation and Post-Harvest Technology

2(1+1)

Agron. 369

Practical Crop Production – II (Rabi Crops)

1 (0+1)

Agron. 3610

Organic Farming

3(2+1)

Pl. Path. 364

Diseases of Horticultural Crops and their Management

3(2+1)

Hort. 362

Production Technology of Spices, Aromatic, Medicinal and Plantation Crops

3(2+1)

Hort.363

Post-harvest Management and Value Addition of Fruits and Vegetables

2(1+1)

Ext. 364

Entrepreneurship Development and Communication Skills

2(1+1)

LPM. 361

Live Stock Production and Management

3(2+1)

Env.361

Environmental Science

2(1+1)

 

NCC/NSS/Physical Education

1 (0+1) NC

TOTAL

21+1 NC

B.Sc.(Hons.) Agriculture IV year

SEMESTER VII

RAWEP

Orientation

1 week

 

Village attachment

6 weeks

 

Agri-clinics/Plant clinics/Experiential learning/ Industrial attachment

12 weeks

 

Project Report Preparation and Examination/Evaluation

1 week

 

TOTAL

20(0+20)

NOTE:

The ongoing batches of B.Sc Agri. admitted upto 2007-08 shall continued to be evaluated for 21 credit hours as per 3rd Deans’ committee recommendations whereas the new batch of 2008-09 will be evaluated for 20 credit hours as per 4th Deans’ committee recommendations.

 

SEMESTER VIII

Courses for Experiential Learning: A student has to register 20 credits with major load in one area of electives and rest from among one/two areas of electives in the eighth semester

Sr. No.

Title of the module

Credits

I

Crop Production

 

1

Seed Production Technology

3(1+2)

2